Geography of Southern Africa


Namib Desert

The Namib Desert is referred to as the world's oldest desert; it has been in existence for about 43 million years, and there are still old rock painting to show the age. There are many linear sand dunes, along with crescent shaped dunes. Fog is the main source of moisture in the desert.

Cape of Good Hope

The Cape of good hope, once known as the Cape of Storms, is at the southern tip of the Cape Peninsula. It is usually mistaken for the southern tip of Africa. It marks the point where you are going eastward more than southward.


Johannesburg is the second largest city in Africa. It is the providence capitol for Gauteng. It is also the seat of the Constitutional Court.

Zambezi River

The Zambezi river is the fourth largest river system in Africa. It runs through six different countries on it's way to the Atlantic ocean. It is less developed than others in terms of human development.

Limpopo River

The Limpopo river is the second largest river in Africa. It has large amount of silt in it. There is a big amount of mining at the Limpopo river basin.


Lusaka is the capitol and biggest city of Zambia. It is also the centre of both commerce and government.

Kalahari Desert

The Kalahari Desert is a sandy savannah covering 900,000 kilometres of land. The Kalahari can support more animals and plants than a regular desert, since it is a semi-desert. The Okavango river flows into a delta in the northwest, forming marshes in the Kalahari that are lush with wildlife.


Cabinda is separated from the the rest of Angola by a thin strip of land owned by DR Congo. It's capitol city is called Cabinda. It is a providence of Angola.

Orange River

The Orange River is the longest river in South Africa.It starts in the Drakensburg mountains and ends in the Atlantic ocean. It forms the border between Lesotho and Zambia.

Victoria Falls

Victoria Falls is the waterfall at the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe. It is on the Zambezi river. It is claimed to be the largest waterfall in the world.