By: Jaida, Rebecca, Ella & Brett

#5- Specification of labor

Since everyone in ancient societies were no longer farming it allowed for more specification of job classes. such as artisans and merchants. This gave civilizations more opportunity for cultural and technological advancement which they wouldn’t have had access to otherwise.
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#4- Domestication of animals

The domestication of animals allowed hunter/gatherer societies to settle in one place. In addition to agriculture, domesticated animals gave civilizations an additional food source that they didn’t have to follow. The domestication of horses also gave civilizations an advantage over enemies in military combat.
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#3- Written Language

Written language is very important, it is used to record civilization history, agriculture crops rotations, religious rules and hymns, and government documents. Without written language we would have no record of anything that has happened in history. Though it could be orally distributed, the stories of history would be stretched and exaggerated over time. Having written language keeps history authentic and untouched.
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#2- Metals

Metal tools were important because copper and iron tools were sturdier and more effective compared to the previously used wooden and bone tools. They allowed from massive farms and militaries. It allowed for shifts in power such as when the Qin overthrew the Zhou dynasty. Bronze and iron metallurgy made the massive societies they were.
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#1- Agriculture

Agriculture was the most important factor because it was the start of early civilization. Nomads became pastoralists and farmers growing crops and raising cattle/animals. They settled and their populations began to increase. Because of this, the large groups of people were going to need others to lead. This was also the cause of the “social classes”.
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