Scientific Revolution

Josey Ramirez 6th

What what was the change?

A major change in European thought, starting in the mid 1500s, in which the study of the natural world began to be characterized by careful observation and the questioning of accepted beliefs.

Who were the people associated with the change?

Galileo Galilei: He was into motion, astronomy, and strength of materials He is also the father of the scientific method in which is used today.

Nicolaus Copernicus: He was studying and discovered that the planets had an orbit. He had an important Theory and called it the "Copernicus theory." His Studies were based on the Heliocentric map which was a huge turn in tides that made people accept his studies.

Johannes Kepler: Discovered three major laws of planetary motion, conventionally designated as follows: (1) the planets move in elliptical orbits with the Sun at one focus; (2) the time necessary to traverse any arc of a planetary orbit is proportional to the area of the sector between the central body and that arc (the “area law”); and (3) there is an exact relationship between the squares of the planets’ periodic times and the cubes of the radii of their orbits (the “harmonic law”)

How did the change impact society at the time?

Galileo was put under house arrest because he was spreading "lies" to the rest of the European people. Johannes was fine but was trailed since he was said to be "stealing" Nicolaus' theory when he only just proved it even further. Nicolaus was called a fraud and was tested against him along and he was also studying astronomy alot to prove he wasn't a fraud.

How is the change evidenced in today's modern society?

Today Galileo's scientific method is used in physics to determine the hypothesis of the scientist or the science student or whomever uses it. Along with Nicolaus, Without his theory on the orbit of the planets, we wouldn't be able to determine an equinox, solar eclipse, or even other things that orbit the earth and sun alike. Kepler on the other hand had used the same thing as Nicolaus as in theory but were both somewhat similar.