By: Noemi Garcia
Mexican American War
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed on February 2, 1848, wich was what ended the Mexican-American war in favor of the United States. The treaty added an additional 525,000 square miles to the United states territory, it included what we now know as present day Arizona, Califonia, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming. Mexico also gave up all its claims to Texas and, accepted the Rio Grande as America's southern boundary.
The Bear Flag Revolt was a small group of American settlers that rebelled against the Mexican government and proclaimed California an independent republic. The U.S. military occupying Califonia, wich went on to join the union in 1850. Finally, in 1911, the Bear Flag became the official state flag.
The Gadsden Purchase was an agreement between the United States and Mexico in wich the U.S. agreed to pay 10 million dollars to Mexico for a 29, 670 square mile portion of Mexico, that later became known as Arizona and New Mexico.
On February 23, 1836, a Mexican army that was led by General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna began a march towards the fort. Though outnumbered the Alamos 200 defender wich was led by James Bowie held a fight with the Mexican army for 13 days before they were overpowered. Event thought they were overpowered the Texans struggled for their Independence, which they one later that year.
On April 21, 1836, the Texas military wich was led by Sam Houston launched a surprise attack on the Mexican army. The Mexicans were easily captured, and hundreds were taken in as prisoners. Including in the hundreds of Mexicans captured, General Santa Anna was taken as well. In exchange for his life, Santan Anna signed a treaty accepting Texas's independence.
Oregon Trail - The Oregon Trail was a critical transportation route for emigrants traveling from Missouri to Oregon during the mid-1800s.
Califonia Trail - The California Trail carried over 250,000 gold-seekers and farmers to the gold fields and rich farmlands of Califonia during the 1840s and 50s.
Mormon Trail - The Mormon Trail extended from Nauvoo, Illinois to Salt Lake City, Utah. This trail was used by the Mormon believer that were moving west trying to escape persecution.
I am very alone here. Well alone with my brother. Brother and I miss you and the family very much. It is not nice for a lonely man here. I have to work in the morning till night. I worry about brother. He works right beside me also morning till night. It is not good for him here. He is too young to be here. I scream at him when he does something wrong and sometimes make him feel useless. I try to stop, but the thought of being hungry that day because we did not find any gold to exchanged makes me go mad. Brother sees the urge on my face if by midday we have not found any gold. I hope he knows the reason that I scream at him is because I care about his health and him not dying. Dear, how much I miss you and the family. Brother has begged me if we could go back home. But I can not grant his desire. I promised him that when I get the money we could go back. Oh the people here are horrible! They are so pity and selfish. They will steal your gold if you leave it alone. It has happened to me before. People will steal your spot if they see you have found gold. I am staying with a family of three. They have so kindly opened the doors for me and brother. Though I am grateful for their courtesy, I do not feel comfortable staying in under a roof that is not mine. Thus, the husband I feel does not like me. And because of that, I wish that I find a big chunk of gold soon so I can go back home and see you. I do much regret coming to Califonia. It is hard living, you do not work for peace and quite but for survival and the will to live. I cry in my sleep for you and the children, and I know brother does too. PLEASE forgive me Dear for leaving you! when/ if I ever return I will never leave you again. I pray to God that you are well and not suffering like I am here.
By your beloved,