Immigration to Canada

Exploring the past .... predicting the future

What the heck is this thing anyway?

This is a Smore. Think of it as an online flyer. Less paper, a whole lot cooler, and just so much better than a boring worksheet!

As you scroll through this lesson be sure to watch the videos, analyze the pictures and graphs, use the internet when prompted, and write any important information in your notes (better yet... type it up on your device).

New immigrants to Canada

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PICTURE: Think / Pair / Share with your partner

Take a look at the photograph above. This is a photo taken of new Canadians when they first arrived on the shores of this great country.


  1. When do you think this picture was taken?
  2. What do you think their lives were like back in their home country?
  3. What country are they coming from, and why do you think they left?
  4. If this was a current photograph how would it be different?

Pair/Share: With you partner, share your answers to the questions above.

REVIEW: Lets review some terminology

Using a reputable website, define the following immigration related terms in your notes.

  1. Immigrate
  2. Emigrate
  3. Push Factor
  4. Pull Factor
  5. Intervening Obstacle (human migration)
  6. Business/Entrepreneur Immigrant
  7. Landed Immigrant / Permanent Resident
  8. Refugee
  9. Independent or Economic Immigrant
  10. Skilled worker

VIDEO: Watch and respond

As you watch the following video (Immigrating To Canada), answer these questions:

  1. What proportion of people in Canada were born outside of the country (current data)? How does this compare to historic proportional data (looking at data from early in the 1900's)?
  2. Which THREE countries do most immigrants to Canada emigrate from currently? How does this differ from our historic source countries?
  3. In 2016 immigrants had more than ______ places of birth? What does this tell us about Canada's cultural make up?

Didn't get all of the answers the first time? Use the infographic below to aid you in answering the questions.
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How many Immigrants come to Canada each year?

Please read the following article and answer the questions below.

  1. In 2015 the Federal Government increase the number of immigrants to enter Canada each year to what number? Previously the numbers were between what range? Why do you think the government made this change?
  2. What are the 3 main types of immigrant categories accepted into Canada? Name some specific categories contained within each of the umbrella categories.
  3. Which of the 3 main types of immigrant categories presents the largest amount of immigrants to Canada each year?

PHOTO ANALYSIS: How did they "sell" Canada to Europeans?

Take a look at the three posters below. These posters were used to entice Europeans to pack up their lives for a new beginning in Canada.

What "promises" were made to these prospective immigrants?

If Canada made posters today, how would they be different?

Record your thoughts in your notes.

How does Canada "advertise" today?

How does Canada attract new immigrants to Canada in 2016?

What media does Canada use?

What are the new "promises" that are made to new immigrants?

Do you think Canada has to advertise for new immigrants?

LISTEN: Business Class Immigrant

As you listen to the following podcast, answer the following questions:

  1. What is a Business Class immigrant?
  2. Do you think that this class of immigrant is fair? Why or why not? Podcast

Business / Investor Program - Canada by Podcast

READ: Immigration stories

Follow the link below to visit the Globe and Mail website. Here you will find the immigration stories of some extraordinary Canadians. Read/Watch the story of at least three individuals. What was common about their immigration experience?

MAP ANALYSIS: Immigrant Map

Answer the following questions about the map below:

  1. Which THREE continents provide the LEAST immigrants to Canada? Why do you think this is? How might Canada attract more immigrants from these continents?
  2. Which TWO continents (other than North America) provide the most immigrants to Canada? Why do you think this is?

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