Minerals

McKenna Zanders

What is a Mineral?

Minerals are inorganic elements that come from the earth. Humans absorb minerals through what they eat. Minerals are needed so that your body can be healthy and so that your body can develop properly. They help to build strong bones and transmit nerve impulses. The best way to get the proper amount of nutrients is to have a good diet.

Types of Minerals

There are two different types of Minerals which are Macrominerals and Trace Minerals. Macrominerals are minerals that you need to costume a lot of such as; Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Sodium, Potassium, Chloride, and Sulfer.


Trace minerals are minerals are minerals that you need little of. Trace minerals include; Iron, Copper, Iodine, Manganese, Zinc, Colbalt, Fluoride, and Selenium.

What Does Each Mineral Help With?

Calcium- Builds strong bones and teeth

Iron- Helps red blood cells carry oxygen to the body

Magnesium- helps with muscle and nerve functions

Phosphorus- helps form healthy bones and teeth

Potassium- helps the body maintain the balance of water in the blood and body tissues

Zinc- helps with wound healing

Too Much or Too Little?

If you get too many minerals you can get high blood pressure especially if you have too much sodium. If you have too little of minerals you have be anemic because there is not enough iron in your body and your bones can be weak.

Food Sources

Calcium-Milk

Iron- nuts and beef

Magnesium- beans and nuts

Sodium- vegetables