The Story of Christianity

Theology 2; First Semester Exam

In The Beginning...

God created all things, including man. Originally, man and woman would not know pain, suffering, hard labor, or death. They lived in a perfect existence in the Garden of Eden, but they had two rules. First, they must care for all of God's other creatures. Also, they could not eat from a specific tree in the garden, the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. Other than that, they could do just about anything they wanted, as long as God did not say otherwise.
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Unfortunately...

A serpent tricked Eve into disobeying one of God's rule! She ate from the Tree of Knowledge Good and Evil and convinced Adam to do the same. By doing so, the gain knowledge of good and evil and decided to hide themselves, realizing thy were naked. When God found them,he punished them by "kicking them out" of the garden. However, the serpent did not get off so easily. He was forced to crawl on his belly everywhere he went and his descendants became our modern day snakes.

The Consequences:

Due to the first sin of man and woman, they were no longer allowed in the garden of Eden. The then learned pain, suffering, and hardship. humans could now get sick, hungry, thirsty, or even die. Work was not hard and laborious. The land worked against humans and not with them. Creating children became hard and painful. Finally, the human soul (spirit) was weakened. We're now more likely to fall to sin and turn away from God when we should turn toward him.

The Tempter:

While the serpent can no longer tempt us, someone else can: the devil and his demons. Originally, the devil was and angel named Satan. However, when God told all the angels to bow to humans, Satan refused. Him, along with any other angels who didn't obey God, were sent to Hell. It is there where he plots the downfall of any and all humans, in any way he can.

The Trinity:

However, not all was lost for humanity. God had a plan to save us all. He sent his only son to die for us. You see, God is not just one being. Instead, he is three in one: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Think of it like this: God has three parts that make up his who being. The Father is like his physical self, the Holy Spirit is his spiritual self, and the Son is his word.

The Word Became Flesh

For God's plan to work, part of him needed to become a man. So, he chose a woman to bear his son in her womb. Here name was Mary. She was born without original sin and never sinned in her life, the perfect person for the perfect son. And angel, named Gabriel, asked her if she was will to bear God's son as the Holy Spirit came upon her, the power of the most overshadowed her; Therefore, the child to be born will be called Holy, Son of God. She replied, behold, I am the handmaiden of the Lord; Let it be do to me according to your word. And instantly, Jesus was in Mary's womb, beginning to grow into the man who will save the human race with his sacrifice.

Why The Word Became Flesh:

Jesus was made flesh for four reason. First, he needed to reconcile man with God, make expiation for sins, and restore human nature that was lost via sin. Since our first parents (Adam and Eve) sinned, there had been a rift between humans and God. Humans, on their own, have absolutely no hope to bridge that gap. So, God must bridge it. But to do so, he need a sacrifice of infinite love. So, he gave up his only son for us. Second, It was to manifest God's infinite love.
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Why The Word Became Flesh (cont.):

Offer a model of holiness -

He shows us how we should live by example.



Allow people to share in his divine life -

He saved us from sin. He opened the doors of Heaven. Allows people to be in communion with God again.

The Paschal Mystery

Christ's work of redemption -

Saved us from our sins through his suffering

Passion -

Accused and killed by his own people.He was not released (released murderer instead). He experienced scourging at the pillar. Went the way of the Cross.

Death -

Died on a Cross. Humiliated and beaten. He felt all alone. He died after 3 hours.

Resurrection -

The stone was moved. Angels were waiting. He visited his disciples. He gave the Holy Spirit. He was in a glorified form.

Ascension -

He rose, body and soul, into heaven. He was witnessed by his disciples.

Effects -

We are saved from all sin. We can now enter Heaven.

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Theological Virtues

Faith -

It is believing in God and all he has revealed to us. It elevates our minds and our way of thinking

Hope -

It is the desire for the kingdom of heaven. It allows us to trust in God.

Love/Charity -

We freely love God above all things and our neighbor as ourselves. It enables us to give to the less fortunate without sorrow.

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Prayer

It is a dialogue with God.

Vocal Prayer - Simple conversation with God . You Can use common prayers like the Our Father your own words

Meditative Prayer - Attempting to learn God's will or to better understand a theological truth. You can use Sacred Scripture, Sacred Tradition, or a spiritual writing.

Contemplative Prayer - simply abiding or resting in God's presence.

Specific forms:

Blessing and Adoration - Gives praise to God.

Petition - Makes a request.

Intersession - Praying on behalf of someone else.

Thanksgiving - Gives thanks to God and shows him gratitude

Praise - Gives God glory because he is God.

Contrition - Showing that you are sorry for your sins

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Four Marks Of The Curch

One - The Church is unique in its singularity. We are one through Christ.

Holy - The Church receives her Holiness through the Holy Spirit. The Church is filled so much with Grace that it itself becomes holy, even with its unholy members.

Catholic - The Church is global. The Church is open to all.

Apostolic - The Church's foundation is the twelve apostles. Also She teaches the teachings of the apostles and she holds the successors of the Apostles, the bishops.

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The Last Things

Death - All of us will die at one point. It is a fact of life. However, we will be glorified in our perfected bodies after Jesus comes again.

Judgement - God will judge us all when we die and will decide, based on our actions on Earth, whether we will go to Heaven, Hell, or Purgatory.

Heaven - Eternal, glorious union with God.

Hell - Eternal, painful separation from God

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Parousia

Jesus Christ will come again at the end of time. This is known as Parousia.
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