Treaty of Versailles

by Aliyah

The Treaty of Versailles signaled the end of World War I. It was signed in Paris. The Germans and the Allies had to sign a paper to end War. It was signed on June 28th, 1919. Although the Armistice was signed on November 11th, 1918, [An Armistice is when both sides agree to stop fighting] it took 6 months of negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference to conclude the peace treaty.

Germany had to accept the responsibility for causing all of the loss and damage during World War I. There were three important parts of the treaty. One was the formation of the International Organization to help world peace which Germany was not allowed to join until 1926. They also reduced Germany's armed forces to very low levels. Finally they prohibited Germany from having certain classes of weapons. The 1921 London schedule of payments required Germany to pay $132 billion Marks ($33 billion US) in payments to cover civilian damage caused during WWI.

Foreign Minister Hermann Müller and colonial Minister Johannes Bell travelled to Versailles to sign the treaty on behalf of Germany. It was signed on June 28th, 1919 and ratified by the National Assembly on July 9th, 1919 by a vote of 209 to 116.