Bill of Rights

Rai'Lynn Robertson US History 7th

The First Amendment: Freedom of Speech, the Press, and Religion

You have the freedom to say what you please, you can be any religion you want, and you can file a complaint to the government without being punishment.

Court Case: New York Times Co. v. United States

United States wanted to block New York Times publication, but the government thought it was serious censorship. It was justified only when the government could show, beyond a doubt, that publication would endanger national security.

The Second Amendment: The Right to Bear Arms

To serve, you must be in the military. You have the right to own guns to protect yourself.

Court Case: District of Columbia v. Heller

Some people believe guns are so dangerous that they should be banned. Others believe that guns are the best protection against criminals. The supreme Court ruled that people could keep guns fro self-defense.

The Third Amendment: The Right to Privacy in Home

Soldiers cant barge in and demand to be taken care of.

Court Case:

The Fourth Amendment: Unreasonable Search and Seizures

You have the right to say no to the police searching your car/house unless they have a search warrant.

Court Case: Mapp v. Ohio

Dollree Mapp demanded a search warrant from the police before her house was searched. Police claimed they had one and barged in anyway. Supreme Court had applied the exclusionary rule to the states, finally ensuring the 4th amendment rights for citizens at a state level.

The Fifth Amendment: Double Jeopardy, Self-Incrimination, and Due Process of Law

There is no double jury, so if they find you not guilty and close the case, they cant say your guilty and put you in jail. As long as its the same case.

Court Case: Brown v. Ohio

The defendant was put on trial twice fro offenses involving the same incident. since the exact same evidence was used for both trials the Supreme Court overturned the second convection.

The Sixth Amendment: The right of the Accused In criminal cases

Your jury should be as soon as possible and be in public.

Court case: Miranda v. Arizona

Ernesto Miranda was accused of attacking a young woman. When taken in for questioning, he made a confession. At his trial his confession was not admissible as evidence because he wasn't told his right to a lawyer.

The Seventh Amendment: Rights to Jury Trails

The jury can settle civil cases involving a lot of money.

Court Case:

The Eighth Amendment: Preventing Cruel and Unusual Punishment

Your bail has to fit the crime. They cant put extra bail on a crime that's not needed.

Court Case: Robinson v. California

The Supreme Court ruled that imprisonment for a misdemeanor was cruel and unusual punishment and therefor unconstitutional. The court decided that drug addiction was an illness, and it was unfair to imprison someone for being ill.

The Ninth Amendment: Right retained by the People.

These ten rights aren't to the only rights apply to citizens. They cant be taken away just because they arent stated.

Court Case: Roe and Wade

Two attorneys who were for abortion used Jane Roe as a case. They argued that Roe's right to privacy should be guaranteed by the 9th amendment, but the government prevented her from making her own decision about her body. Leaning toward Roe's side, people had rights to choose if they wanted children or not.

The Tenth Amendment: Limited Federal Powers

If someone says we cant do something all we ave to do is prove them wrong.

Court Case: Hammer v. Dagenbart

Edward Keating and Robert Owen proposed the Child Labor act of 1916. This would prohibit the interstate shipment of products made by businesses that employed children who were too young and worked too many hours. Roland Dagehart thought the law was unconstitutional, but W.C. Hammer argued that the new child labor law was necessary to protect the public good.