TETANUS

By: Brodie Pasker

What is Tetanus

Tetanus is a serious disease caused by a toxin made by bacteria. A bacterial disease marked by rigidity and spasms of the voluntary muscles. Tetanus is infection of the nervous system with the potentially deadly bacteria Clostridium tetani (C. tetani).

Prevention

Tetanus is prevented by getting the diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis vaccine. The vaccine is given in a series of 5 shots. The first shot is given at two months of age and ending at 4-6 years of age. You should get a booster shot every ten years.

Symptoms

Some of the symptoms of tetanus are, Spasms and stiffness in your jaw muscles neck muscles, and abdominal muscle, difficulty swallowing, and painful body spasms lasting for several minutes, typically triggered by minor occurrences, such as draft, loud noise, physical touch or light. Other signs and symptoms might include: fever, sweating, elevated blood pressure, and faster than normal heart rate.

How Someone Can Get Tetanus

When they enter a deep flesh wound, spores of the bacteria may produce a powerful toxin, Tetanospasmin, which actively impairs your motor neurons, nerves that can cause muscle stiffness and spasms the major signs of tetanus.In addition, certain factors are necessary for the tetanus bacteria to infiltrate your body. These include Lack of immunization, Failure to receive timely booster shots against tetanus, A penetrating injury that results in tetanus spores being introduced to the wound site, The presence of other infected bacteria.Injured body tissue, such as a nail or splinter, and Swelling around the injury.

Number of cases for Tetanus on average

(Number of cases per year) Around a million cases occur world wide each year.

Tetanus is a rare in the United States and the developed world.

(When was tetanus first discovered) tetanus was discovered in 1884.

Tetanus is most common is Sub-Saharan Africa

The Cure And Treatments

There is no cure for tetanus. Since there is no cure for Tetanus, (YET) treatment consist of wound care, medications to ease symptoms and supportive care.

Tetanus is a serious disease

Tetanus is very dangerous. It can cause breathing problems and paralysis (unable to move parts of body). Muscle spasms can be strong enough to break a child's spine or other bones. Tetanus is a serious disease that effects your nervous system, leading to painful muscle contractions.

Tetanus in Iowa

Children in Iowa are required to get the Tdap to be able to get into school and daycare. Iowa city schools have required students entering 7th grade to receive a Tdap vaccine effective 2013-2014 school year.

Citations

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"Fact Sheet." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 09 Jan. 2013. Web. 09 Dec. 2014.

"Immunization Surveillance, Assessment and Monitoring." WHO. Web. 09 Dec. 2014.

"Letters, Notes, And Answers." The British Medical Journal 2.4482 (1946): 842-44. Web.

"Tetanus." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic, 24 Apr. 2013. Web. 02 Dec. 2014.

"Tetanus." Tetanus. Web. <www.austincc.edu%2Fmicrobio%2F...%2Ftet.htm>.

Tetanus Vaccine. Digital image. Http://www.chcrichmond.org/education/summertime-is-tetanus-time/. Http://www.chcrichmond.org/education/summertime-is-tetanus-time/. Web.

Tetanus Vaccine. Digital image. Http://www.chcrichmond.org/education/summertime-is-tetanus-time/. Http://www.chcrichmond.org/education/summertime-is-tetanus-time/. Web.

Tetanus, What Is. "What Is Tetanus." TETANUS. Illinois Department of Health. Illinois Department of Health, 8 Dec. 2014. Web. 8 Dec. 2014.

Wound Care. Digital image. Http://pad3.whstatic.com/images/thumb/0/0a/Treat-a-Puncture-Wound-Step-6.jpg/670px-Treat-a-Puncture-Wound-Step-6.jpg. Http://pad3.whstatic.com/images/thumb/0/0a/Treat-a-Puncture-Wound-Step-6.jpg/670px-Treat-a-Puncture-Wound-Step-6.jpg. Web.