1. Clarifying, understanding, and sharing learning intentions.

The student has a clear understanding of lesson objective.

2. Engineering effective classroom discussions, tasks, and activities that elicit evidence of learning.

Flipped Classroom- student has lesson on computer and classroom time is used for discussions and questions. Hands up only to ask questions, not answer them.

3.Provide feedback that moves learners forward.

Teacher uses examples to support his argument.

Two stars and a wish strategy: Teacher focuses on two things that were done correct and one thing that needs improvement.

4. Activating students as learning resources for one another.

Green/Yellow/Red strategy: Students are on green if they fully understand, on yellow if they partially understand, and on red if they do not understand. Teacher then breaks for green students to help red students. Teacher helps and reteaches yellow students.

5. Activating students as owners of their own learning.

C3B4ME: Students contact three other sources before going to teacher for help.


Formative and summative assessments are both needed for the education system. Formative assessment gives teacher and student immediate feedback on what the student has learned. Formative assessment can be used throughout the school year for the teacher to adjust lesson plans and see how well students are reacting to the lesson. Summative assessment includes standardized testing and grade-level( whether the student passed to the next grade or not). This testing gives a broader idea of where student stands after a full school year. Both play a major part in determining whether our kids are successful.

These five key strategies would create an effective classroom. It gives the kids ownership and responsibility of their own learning. If these strategies were implemented in all classrooms, our test scores would improve around the world.