Tin-Sn

Elemant

What is Tin?

Tin is a silvery, white medal, the chemical element of atomic number 50. Maybe a container, perhaps.
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More about tin?

  • After 600 BC, pure metallic tin was produced.
  • Tin resist corrosion from water.
  • Tin has 10 stable isotopes.
  • Tin is a German word.
  • Tin is considered non-toxic.

Who discovered Tin?

Tin wasn't recored to be discovered by anyone. It has been know since ancient times. And the year is also unrecorded.

Tin and Nature

Tin is found mainly in the ore cassiterite, which is near Malaysia Bolivia, and Indonesia,Thailand and Nigeria! It is obtained commercially by reducing the ore with coal reverberatory furnace!
melting tin

Periodic Table

Tin on the Periodic Table

Tin is 50 on the Periodic Table(or its atomic #). It is in a main group(metal). And its Symbol is Sn(Latin for Stanum). Tin's mass is 118.17. It is located in Carbon family. Tin has 50 protons, 68 neutrons, and 50 electrons. Tin's density is 7.729. Tin is a solid.

How is Tin used?

Tin is used in many ways. It takes high polish and is used to coat other metals to prevent corrosion, such a tin cans, which are actually made of tin coated steel. Alloys of tin are important, such as soft solder, pewter bronze, and phosphor bronze.

Tin's Chemical and Physical Properties

Physical:

Color-white,silver

Malleability- can be bent or shaped

Luster- shine or glow

Ductility-easy to pull or made into wire

Conductivity- easy to make in to electricity

Softness- very soft

Crystalline Structure- tetragonal


Chemical:

Chemical Formula- Sn

Oxidation- not easily oxidized

Reaction to water- stable in cold and hot water

Reaction to acids- doesn't act rapidly

Toxicity- relatively low

Corrosion- resists corrosion

Alloys-used extensively in alloys

Allotropes- two known forms

Compounds- reacts to hydrogens to form compunds

Interesting Facts about tin

  1. Tin is non-toxic, which is why they use it for canned foods, just in case someone swallows a small amount of it.
  2. Tin Chloride used as a mordant that is used in textiles to increase the weight of silk and other fabrics.
  3. Tin rarely occurs freely in Nature.
  4. Tin was discovered in ancient times, but its unknown who discovered it.
  5. Because tin is rare, it only comprises 2% of the earths crust.

How Tin is used in everyday life

Tin is used in many kitchen utensils. Tin can be used to shape into tools. Many people think tin is used to carry tuna or chicken in "tin cans" but really they are not. Tin was used long ago for this reason but that "tin" can is not really tin.

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