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The legislative branch

Information


    The legislative branch is made up of the two houses of Congress—the Senate and the House of Representatives. The legislative branch's most important duty is to make laws. The laws are written, discussed and voted on in Congress. There are 100 senators in the Senate, two from each state.

  • Website Title: Wikipedia
  • Publisher: Wikimedia Foundation
  • Date Accessed: December 07, 2015

Requirements

Senator

  • Must be at least 30 years old.
  • citizen of the united states for 9 years.
  • Resident of the state from which they are elected.

House of Representatives


  • Must be at least 25 years old.
  • citizen of the united states for 7 years.
  • resident of the states which send them to congress




  • Article Title: The Legislative Branch
  • Publisher: The White House
  • Date Accessed: December 07, 2015

How often are they elected?

  • Senators are elected by their states and serve six-year terms.
  • Representatives are elected by their states and serve two-year terms.




  • Article Title: The Legislative Branch
  • Publisher: The White House
  • Date Accessed: December 07, 2015

Who is currently in it?


  • Website Title: Wikipedia
  • Publisher: Wikimedia Foundation
  • Date Accessed: December 07, 2015

What do they do?

The main task of these two bodies is to make laws. It's powers include passing laws, originating spending bills (house),impeaching officials (senate) and approving treaties (senate).


*impeachment a formal process in which an official is accused of an unlawful activity, the outcome of which, depending on the country, may include the removal of that official from office as well as criminal or cicil punishment.

Article Title: The Legislative Branch

  • Publisher: The White House
  • Date Accessed: December 07, 2015

What are the differences between each house?

The Senate is smaller than the House of Representatives. They also serve a longer term of 6 years, than the House of Representatives who only serves 2 years. Also, when Senators are elected they are only allowed 2 Senators from every state. Unlike, Representatives,. The number of representatives is decided by the state's population and that's also part of the reason the House of Representatives is larger. The Senator's play a different role in the law making process too.

How does a bill become a law?

Laws come from Ideas. Anyone can have an idea whether you are a senator, representative, president or even just a normal citizen.


Let's say you have an idea and you strongly believe it would be a good law and help a lot of people. The first thing you must do is talk to your state's representative.


When he/she has written the bill, it now needs a sponsor and support from other representatives.


The bill is then placed in a hopper A hopper is a special box on a side clerk's desk. Then, a reading clerk reads it to the House of Representatives. The speaker of the house (currently Paul Ryan) sends it to one of the house standing committees.


The bill is then revised by the committee and then they vote on it. If they agree on it, the bill gets send back to the house floor.


The bill is then reported and debated. Once all the debating is over, the bil is voted on. I f it get through the journey continues.


Your bill will next reach senate. Once again, it's discussed and voted on.


Your bill will now travel all the way to the President. He either veto's it and it goes all the way back to the house of Representatives, most likely never going to be seen again. However, the congress can override his/her veto. Or he/she can approve it.


If the president approves it, then congratulations your idea has finally become a law.




  • Website Title: - Grade School
  • Article Title: Kids in the House
  • Date Accessed: December 07, 2015