Gettysburg

By: Scott Douglas and Lucas Harashe

Maps of The Battle of Gettysburg

  • Red lines are the movement of the Confederate Forces
  • Blue lines are the movement of Union Force
  • Thick red lines are where the COnfederate forces are stationed
  • Thick blue lines are where the Union forces are stationed

General Robert E. Lee

Robert Edward Lee was born January 19, 1807, in Stratford Hall, Virginia. He was a Confederate General who led southern forces against the Union Army in the American Civil War. He was eventually surrendered and was taken by General Ulysses S. Grant in Richmond Virginia.
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General George Gordon Meade

George Meade was a U.S. Army general and served as commander of the Union Army of the Potomac during the Civil War. Meade was badly wounded at the Battle of Glendale during the Seven Days Battles, but recovered and went on to perform admirably at the Battles of Antietam and Fredericksburg. Also he acheived a major victory in the battle of Gettysburg
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Day 1: July 1, 1863

Union troops under Winfield Scott Hancock had arrived and extended the defensive line along Cemetery Ridge to the hill known as Little Round Top; three more Union troops arrived overnight to strengthen its defenses.

Day 2: July 2, 1863

Bloody fighting raged along Sickles’ line, which was from the nest of boulders known as Devil’s Den into a peach orchard, as well as in a nearby wheat field and on the slopes of Little Round Top. Sickles himself was seriously wounded.(Sickles was camanding the Union troops)

Day 3: July 3, 1863

Caught from all sides, barely half of the Confederates survived, and Pickett’s division lost two-thirds of its men. As the survivors retreated back to their opening position, And the Confederate Arm lost the battle

Aftermath

Demoralized by the defeat at Gettysburg, Lee offered his resignation to President Jefferson Davis, but was refused. Though the great Confederate general would go on to win other victories, the Battle of Gettysburg (combined with Ulysses S. Grant’s victory at Vicksburg, also on July 4) irrevocably turned the tide of the Civil War in the Union’s favor.

Caualties

Union casualties in the battle were 23,000, while the Confederates casualties in the battle were 28,000 men–more than a third of Lee’s army.

First Hand Account

Memories of a teenage girl. "We were having our literary exercises on Friday afternoon, at our Seminary, when the cry reached our ears. Rushing to the door, and standing on the front portico we beheld in the direction of the Theological Seminary, a dark, dense mass, moving toward town. Our teacher, Mrs. Eyster, at once said:

'Children, run home as quickly as you can.'

"It did not require repeating. I am satisfied some of the girls did not reach their homes before the Rebels were in the streets.

"As for myself, I had scarcely reached the front door, when, on looking up the street, I saw some of the men on horseback. I scrambled in, slammed shut the door, and hastening to the sitting room, peeped out between the shutters.


Confederate prisoners
at Gettysburg

"What a horrible sight! There they were, human beings! Clad almost in rags, covered with dust, riding wildly, pell-mell down the hill toward our home! Shouting, yelling most unearthly, cursing, brandishing their revolvers, and firing right and left.


"I was fully persuaded that the Rebels had actually come at last. What they would do with us was a fearful question to my young mind.

"Soon the town was filled with infantry, and then the searching and ransacking began in earnest.

"They wanted horses, clothing, anything and almost everything they could conveniently carry away.

"Nor were they particular about asking. Whatever suited them they took. They did, however, make a formal demand of the town authorities, for a large supply of flour, meat, groceries, shoes, hats and (doubtless, not least in their estimations), ten barrels of whisky; or, in lieu of this five thousand dollars.

"But our merchants and bankers had too often heard of their coming, and had already shipped their wealth to places of safety. Thus it was, that a few days after, the citizens of York were compelled to make up our proportion of the Rebel requisition." To Read the Story go to http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/gtburg.htm

What to Know

Why was this battle fought?

It was fought because President Abraham Lincoln sent troops in response to Robert E. Lee leading his confederate army across the Potomac River

Who Attacked First?

The Confederate Army Under Robert E. Lee

What was the Object of the Battle?

Gettysburg was an area with many travel routes for an Army to travel

What was the Effects?

The Union and the Confederacy both lost many men in the Battle of Gettysburg

Bibliogrphy

"George G. Meade." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2015.

"Robert E. Lee." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2015.

"The Battle of Gettysburg, 1863." The Battle of Gettysburg, 1863. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Sept. 2015.

"Battle of Gettysburg." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 28 Sept. 2015.