The Turning Point Battle of the Civil War

When? Where? Who?

  • The Battle of Gettysburg took place over July 1-3, 1863.
  • The battle took place in Pennsylvania.
  • Union General: George Meade
  • Confederate General: Robert E. Lee

Significance of the Battle of Gettysburg

This was the second attempt by General Lee to invade the North (P.A.). It is a Union victory. The South never regains its strengths militarily. Picketts Charge, (a charge accross the field by the Confederate army), greatly diminished the strength of the Sountern army.

Timeline of the Battle

July 1st: Confederates drove Union defenders through Gettysburg to Cemetery Hill

July 2nd: Lee struck the flanks of the Union line resulting in severe fighting at Devil's Den, Little Round Top, the Wheatfield, Peach Orchard, Culp’s Hill and East Cemetery Hill.

July 3rd: On the morning of July 3rd, fighting raged at Culp’s Hill with the Union regaining its lost ground. That afternoon, after a massive artillery bombardment, Lee attacked the Union center on Cemetery Ridge and was repulsed with heavy losses in what is known as Pickett’s Charge. Lee's second invasion of the North had failed.