The battle of vicksburg

about Vicksburg

In May and June of 1863, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s armies converged on Vicksburg, investing the city and entrapping a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John Pemberton. On July 4, Vicksburg surrendered after prolonged siege operations. This was the culmination of one of the most brilliant military campaigns of the war. With the loss of Pemberton’s army and this vital stronghold on the Mississippi, the Confederacy was effectively split in half. Grant's successes in the West boosted his reputation, leading ultimately to his appointment as General-in-Chief of the Union armies.

The Union won the battle capturing the city. This was big because the Union secured complete control of the Mississippi River with this victory. This meant Arkansas, Louisiana and Texas were separated from the rest of the Confederac

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Northern strategy

Isolate and disorganize Confederacy

Southern Union sympathizers get South to surrender

Designed by Gen. Scott

Keep border states in Union

GOAL: No secession & compliance with constitution

Southern strategy

Defensive war of attrition (strategy of winning by not losing)

Wear out opponent

G. Washington’s strategy in Revolutionary War

Get European support

South - twice the size of 13 original colonies

GOAL: Secession and independence

What started the battle ?

Vicksburg and its fortress controlled the southern Mississippi river;as long as it remained under Confederate control,Union shipping was unable to pass any further south down the river.