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New Jersey-(Colby Maske)


1. The New Jersey Colony was founded in 1664 by Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret.

2. Named after the British island of Jersey, situated in the English Channel and part of the Channel Islands.

3. Mills were used for:

  • Grinding grain to make flour - called gristmills which operated by turning massive millstones for grinding grain
  • Cutting Wood
  • Forging iron
  • Bark mills - Tanneries also emerged to make leather goods such as shoes and saddles
  • Paper making 'mills' which grinded linen rags into pulp

Fact I: Geography

Mountains in the northeast, lowlands from Lake Ontario along the Canadian border. Atlantic coastal plain. The general geography of the Middle Colonies had a mix of the New England and Southern features but had fertile soiland land that was suited to farming
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Fact II:Climate

The Middle Colonies had a mild climate with warm summers and mild winters that were suited to farming and agriculture
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Fact III: Trade/Exports

The Middle Colonies were the big food producing region that included corn and wheat and livestock including beef and pork. Other industries included the production of iron ore, lumber, textiles, furs and shipbuilding - refer to Colonial Times

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Fact IV: Religion

Not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Quakers, Catholics, Lutherans, Jews and others. Refer to Religion in the Colonies
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Fact V: Hsitory

Year Founded 1664 by English colonists refer to article on Lords Proprietors
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Fact Vi: Cities

Major Towns / Trenton, Princeton
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Fact VII: Raw Materials

Good farmland, timber, furs and coal. Iron ore was a particularly important natural resource
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Fact VIII: Economy

New Jersey was often referred to as a breadbasket colony because it grew so many crops, especially wheat. The wheat was ground into flour in flour mills then shipped to England.
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Fact IV: Manufacturing

Iron ore products such as plows, tools, kettles, locks, nails and large blocks of iron which they exported to England
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Fact X: History

The Colony became a state on December 18, 1787. For additional facts and inforefer to the Change from Colonies to States
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Fact XI: Industry

Flax and hemp farms were established in the Middle Colonies furthering the textiles industry
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Fact XII: History

In 1676 the New Jersey Colony is divided into East Jersey and West Jersey
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Fact XIII: History

In 1664 the British take control of New Jersey from the Dutch
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Fact XIV: Government

By 1775 New Jersey was governed as a Royal Colony.
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