Unit 2 Test Review

Colonial Life

Jamestown, Virginia

  • House of Burgesses: the first legislative body in the American colonies in Virginia (1619); this body included representatives (men) elected by the colony's landowners. The purpose was to give landowners a voice in their own government. This is a form of self-government.

Plymouth, Massachusetts

  • Came for religious reasons; wanted religious freedom
  • Mayflower Compact: an agreement made by the Pilgrims to govern themselves and make just laws as needed.

Anne Hutchinson

  • Purtian
  • Shook up the conservative Massachusetts Bay Colony by challenging the men in charge.
  • accused them of not following Puritan teachings
  • banish from the colony
  • important to religious freedom

John Smith

  • 1st governor in the colonies at Jamestown, Virginia
  • helped to create the first law-making assembly (House of Burgesses)
  • improved the colonists relationship with the Powhatan indians

Roger Williams

  • wanted religious freedom for all colonists
  • created colony of Rhode Island where any religion could practice the way they wanted to without persecution
  • Anne Hutchinson moved to the colony of Rhode Island for religious freedom

Triangular Trade Route

  • trade routes between Africa, the Americas, and Europe, in which ships carried cash crops, manufactured goods, and enslaved people.
  • Middle Passage: the part of the triangular trade route in which captured and enslaved Africans were sent by ship, under terrible conditions, to be sold in the Americas.
  • Exported (sent from the 13 colonies to England & Europe) sugar, cotton, and tobacco.
  • Imported (products brought into the 13 colonies) molasses, textiles and slaves from England and Africa.

Indentured Servants vs. Slaves

  • Indentured servants: a person who agrees to work for a set period of time without pay in exchange for necessities such as transportation, food, clothing, and shelter.
  • Slaves: forced to work without pay for life; seen as property
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