Mentoring Process

Learning of Expertise

Mentoring process as part of the course learning of expertise

Students will participate in the process of mentoring for the spring period as they will be working as mentees in their 1st year of studies and as mentors in their 2nd year of studies.

Mentoring takes place in collaboration, and each student has a lot of responsibility: this is a very self-directive process, requires active participation, collaboration and learning!

Mentoring is an old practice, but still important. The interest in mentoring as a learning process and a possibility for growth in the business life, and education sector seems to be growing.

As experts in learning, you will need to not only know the research of mentoring, but acquire skills on how to actually implement a mentoring process successfully

Competencies of mentors


ability to understand yourself and your strengths, highly self-regulative (cognitive, emotional, motivational), goal-oriented, aware of personal learning, ability to work with different people


ability to identify key trends in external environment, able to focus on goals


able to identify creative responces to challenges and can tolerate ambiquity and chaos.


ability to nurture partnership that is mutual and equal, great communicator and active listener; nurture team performance and give the lifelong gift of confidence


Change-agents, positive and constructive tone

(see, Dracup, 2004)

From novice to expert and master

(Chi, 2006, adapted from Hoffman, 1998; Dreyfus, 1980)

Earlier research

For succesfull mentoring process mentors should offer challenges for novices, and provide rich and reciprocal interaction. Instead of replicating exciting practices new knowledge and practices should create together. (Asada, 2012)

Novices understand concepts in superficial level and see knowledge as a static object. Experts (mentors) should focus their mentoring on using knowledge flexibly, intentional actions and ability to predict (be proactive). Understanding central concepts and ability to put them into practice is important for development. (Meyer, 2004)

Novice-expert consultation meetings are opportunities for novices to acquire useful information and create new knowledge. Increasing the experts’ problem understanding appears to be a key task for novices to ensure successful consultation.

Experts and novices had different roles, but they both contributed to the discussions

Importance of common grounding!!

(Deken, F. Kleinsmann, M., Aurisiccio,M., Lauche, K., & Bracewell, R., 2012)

Take into consideration the learning sciences:

Collaborative learning in mentoring and shared expertise

Creative collaboration

Goal-oriented and self-regulative (shared regulation) process

Intrest, motivation and engagement


27.1.2015 14.30.-18.00.

24.2.2015 14.30.-18.00.

31.3.2015 14.30.-18.00.

14.4.2015 14.30.-18.00.

28.4.2015 14.30.-18.00.

For further information and documentation

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Pirkko Hyvönen (Phd, Adjunct Professor, Post-doctoral Research Fellow)

Aino-Maaria Palosaari (MA, coordinator)