Auschwitz One and its Subdivisions
Auschwitz One was the main camp housing 15,000-20,000 prisoners
Birkenau was the largest sub-camp housing 90,000 prisoners.
Monowitz, came to be known as Auschwitz III, was the largest of the slave labor camps with over 10,000 prisoners.
Life and Death
Dr. Josef Mengele--"Angel of Death"
Dr. Mengele and his team of over 30 physicians experimented on prisoners in torturous ways including: changing eye color, air pressure tests, extreme freezing water tests, limb re-attachments, and experiments on twins.
Auschwitz Death March
Upon hearing of the Soviets' impending arrival, the Germans began to burn records and destroy buildings. The March began in late January of 1945 with 60,000 prisoners. Many died on the march to a Polish towns 30 miles away. Those who survived were put on trains to other camps in Germany.