Chinese Schools of Thought
Confucianism was ran by a guy named Confucius. He stressed this thing known as the "Five Relationships." He wanted people to believe except for friendship none of these relationships were equal. These relationships were: Father to so, elder brother to younger brother, husband to wife, ruler to subject and lastly friend to friend. In his mind everyone in the world had duties and responsibilities depending on their positions. Confucius also believed people were naturally good.
Legalism was ran by Hanfeizi. He died in 233 B.C. Hanfeizi believed "the nature of man is evil. His goodness is acquired." He also believed the only way to achieve order, was to pass strict laws and enforce them with harsh punishments of all sorts.
The philsopher of Daoism is Laozi also known as "Old Master." In his time he lived without any traces. He created a writing know as "The Way of Virtue," this book had a large influence on Chinese life. He viewed government as unnatural and it causes too many problems.
In AD 100 Buddhism was led by Sadartha Gutama of India. Gutama made up two major things knowns as Four Noble Truths and The EightFold Path. Sardartha really just wanted everything to be at peace, and he believed that the right actions and right speech lead to Nirvana.