Federal Court System

By: Hannah Malcolm

US Marshals and Attorneys

US Attorneys are government lawyers who prosecute people accused of breaking federal laws. US Marshals make arrests, collect fines, and take convicted persons to prison. Also protects jurors, keeps order in the court, and serves subpoenas.

Magistrate Judges and Life Terms

Life terms are terms that state people can hold office for as long as they would like. Magistrate judges are judges that decide whether accused people should be held in jail or released on bail. They do the judges routine work and hear preliminary evidence to determine whether the case should go to trail.

Opinion explains legal thinking behind the courts decision in a case. Remanding is sending the case back to a lower court to be tried again. Circuit is a geographic area of a US Court of Appeals.

Types of Jurisdiction

Appellate Jurisdiction and Original Jurisdiction

Appellate Jurisdiction is the authority to hear a case appealed from a lower court. Original jurisdiction is the authority to hear the court for the first time.

District Court and Court of Appeals

The Court of Appeals is a federal court that reviews decisions made in District Courts. District courts are federal courts where are held and lawsuits are begun.