Cardiac Sarcoma

By: Kirubel & K.B.

Cardiac Sarcoma

Cardiac Sarcoma is a rare tumor that occurs in the heart. It's a primary malignant (cancerous) cardiac tumor.

Symptoms

Symptoms vary depending on location of the tumor.


  • Angiosarcoma occurs in the right atrium resulting in obstruction of the inflow or outflow of blood with swelling of the legs, ankles, feet or the abdomen.
  • Pericardium (thin sac around the heart) can cause too much fluid inside the sac which effects hearts ability to pump
  • Tiny pieces (emboli) may break off and travel to the other parts of the body
  • Emboli can affect the brain (stroke) and lungs (respiratory distress)
  • Symptoms not including the location of the tumor is rapid weight loss, night sweats, and hemoptysis (coughing blood)

Diagnosis

  • Echocardiogram- sound wave to produce the motion of the motion of the heart chambers
  • Electrocardiogram- records hearts electrical activity
  • CAT Scan- Imaging procedure using x-rays to see axial images of the body
  • MRI- Combination of large magnets to produce detailed images
  • Chest X-ray- Electromagnetic energy beams to produce images
  • Biopsy- Removal of small tissue to examine

Treatment

  • Surgery (removal of tumor)
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Kinase inhibitors
  • Organ transplantation

Prognosis

The survival rate is based upon age, overall health, location of the tumor, and your medical history
Cardiac Sarcoma 2