What Is LDL and HDL?
LDL is a type of cholesterol that stands for low density lipoprotein. It is more considered 'bad" because of it's increased risk of creating plaque build up. It is used to measure the risk of heart disease. HDL is a type of cholesterol that stands for high density lipoprotein. It's more considered the "good" cholesterol. It is considered good because it takes cholesterol to the liver to be disposed of since it is not possible for cholesterol to be dissolved in blood. HDL also measures the risk of heart disease.
The Structure Of LDL and HDL
LDL is composed of around 50% cholesterol and about 25% protein. HDL is composed of around 25% cholesterol and 50% protein.
Functions Of LDL and HDL
The primary function of LDL is to carry cholesterol to different parts of the body. The primary function of HDL is to take cholesterol from your heart and other organs to the liver to be disposed of.
LDL and HDL and Doctors
During a blood test, LDL and HDL are both monitored by the Doctor along with other thing's because it helps the doctor evaluate the patient's risk for heart disease. An excess of LDL can result in plaque buildup on arterial walls. That can harden the walls and lead to heart disease. High levels of HDL can actually lower the chance of heart disease. Doctors will also monitor triglycerides, blood sugar level, and total cholesterol.
How Can Patients Change Their Level Of HDL or LDL?
One thing a patient can do is eat a healthy diet with reduced fat and cholesterol will increase HDL levels and decrease LDL levels. Saturated fat intake should be limited to 7% or less of total calories. More omega 3 acids will increase HDL levels. Also increasing your physical activity.
What Does The Intake Of Saturated, Unsaturated, and Trans Fats Do
It can either raise or lower your HDL and LDL levels.