Michael K. 7th Period
Scientific Revolution changes Europeans' minds and thoughts.
Who were the people associated with the change?
Galileo Galilei was one of the three scientists who created the basis of the scientific method. He observed the Earth's moon, and how it had a rough sort of ground. This discovery led to another piece of support towards Copernicus's heliocentric theory. Because of this, he became under house arrest due to supporting a theory that went against Christians' views. He created the sketches of the moon you see above.
Copernicus was the creator of the heliocentric theory. He never published his theory until 1543, which was also his last year of life. Not only did he not have sufficient proof as to why the universe was heliocentric, these beliefs went against Christian belief, and would have caused even more massive havoc.
Johannes Kepler created the theory of Planetary Motion. This is the theory that all the planets of our solar system revolve around the sun in an elliptical orbit. This theory proved Copernicus's theory to be even more true.
Andreas Vesalius & Robert Boyle
Two scientists barely acknowledged were Andreas Vesalius & Robert Boyle. Andreas Vesalius was the man who discovered the human body, the parts and how it works. Also known as human anatomy.
Robert Boyle was the man who thoroughly broke Chemistry down and helped us understand in a way we can all absorb the information.
How did the change impact society at the time?
The change went greatly against Christian views. Christians believed the world was geocentric (Earth is the center of the universe and all things revolve around it), rather than heliocentric (The sun is the center of the solar system and the planets of our solar system including Earth revolve around the sun).
How is that change evident in today's modern society?
To this day, we are still being taught these discoveries. It led to even more discoveries and vaccinations. Space agencies have been booming in research and success. We use the basis of their vaccines in the ones we use today. Isaac Newton's laws of motions created new machines utilizing these theories to their advantage. The world still uses a plethora of ideas and fundamentals started by these famous and successful scientists.