The Legislative Branch

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Requirements for the House

Must serve for two years

Must be at least 25 years old

Must have been a citizen for at least seven years

Requirements for the Senate

  1. Must serve for six years

  2. Must be at least 30 years old

  3. Must have been a citizen for at least nine years

Passing a Bill in the House

A law starts out as an idea. It then becomes a bill and gets voted on by the House. If the bill gets a majority vote of 218 out of 435 then it goes on to the Senate. The tie breaker is decided by the speaker of the house.

Passing a Bill to a Law in the Senate

When a bill is subject to becoming a law a vote happens.

The majority vote wins (so 51 out of the 100 people have to vote for it to become a law for it to pass or get 51 out of 100 for it to not pass)

If the vote ends in a tie the Vice President gets the final vote.

Important People you get to work with in the House

  • Paul D Ryan (Speaker of the House)
  • Rep. Kevin McCarthy (Majority Leader)
  • Dem. Nancy Pelosi (Democratic Leader)

Important People you get to work with in the Senate

  • Vice President (Runs the meetings to pass laws and is the tie breaking vote)
  • Orrin Hatch (fills in for Joe Biden if he is not in attendance)
  • Mitch McConnell (Republican Majority Leader)
  • Harry Reid (Democratic leader)

The Difference between the Senate and the House of Representatives

There are two senators for each state but the amount of representatives is based on population.

In the House the Speaker is elected.

In the Senate the Vice president is the automatic speaker

Delegated and Implied Powers

Delegated powers are powers given to the Legislative branch. Some of them include Commerce, Post Offices, and Declaring War.


Implied powers are powers that are not in the Constitution but are still things the Senate and House control. Some of them include air traffic, and radio.