New York Herald

The Surrender of General Burgoyne at Saratoga

Story Truth

The Surrender of Saratoga was a magnificent way to end the American Revolution. The American army slaved away for days fighting against the mortal enemy of liberty, the British army. By the final day the British could no longer take the benevolent war tactics of the Washington’s army and gave up. Not one single British soldier dared to question the idea of surrender. The redcoats couldn’t stand to dirty their uniforms any longer. It was also as if General Burgoyne was begging for forgiveness. George Washington, being the benevolent man he is, accepted their surrender with grace. The American flag waved high and mighty to symbolize the American victory. Once again Good conquered the forces of Evil. The clouds began to disappear behind the trees as peace was once again restored to the land.

Happening Truth

The Battle of Saratoga took place in New York in 1777. This battle was considered as the turning point of the American Revolution and paved the way for American victory. Foreign influences, such as France, decided to ally with the Americans after this tremendous victory at Saratoga.

The battle consisted of two “rounds,” the first one taking place on September 19th, 1777. British General John Burgoyne commanded his army of 7500 to disperse into three sections of where the Americans were expected to be. The first section moved southwest, the second moved inland and south and the third protected British supplies and followed the river road. By the first days of October, the British army attacked and defeated the American troops. The struggle lasted days and left the British weak. This battle was a small but costly victory for the British.

After waiting in vain for reinforcements and working to strengthen his army, General Burgoyne decided to attack the Americans one more time. This assault took place on October 7th, 1777. American General Benedict Arnold prepared his men for this assault and led his army to focus on various strong points. Americans forced the British to retreat back to Saratoga and the British surrendered ten days later.

War Story

It has been several days since the battle began. I have witnessed the death of several men including my friends. They say we are fighting to preserve our colony, yet will this battle bare beneficial fruit? The Americans believe we are the “enemy of freedom”. They talk and rave about freedom, but what exactly is freedom?

My whole life has been controlled by British society. How I yearn for this Hell to be over and to die in battle. No longer will I have to fight anymore. No longer will I disappoint my family back home. I will die a hero. Or as a memory. Dying in battle is better than living as a coward. I could not even bear the idea of being caught running away from battle.

But I see that everything is ending. My pain suffering can end now. God bless Liberty. God bless America.

Photos

Critique of the Painting

While I was critiquing The Surrender of General Burgoyne at Saratoga, I took into account diagonal lines for signs of movement, the rainbow for a sign of the covenant,and other signs of symbolism (sadly, none of the specific characteristics were present in the painting). With knowledge of symbolism in European art (early and modern), I arrived at the conjecture that this masterpiece was directly influenced by these mediums of art. It is clearly evident that there is a separation between light and dark since the exigence, the motivator behind the piece, is because of ongoing battle between the British and American colonies. While looking at the painting, I was also able to view how the men are depicted in the piece. It is constant throughout the masterpiece that all of the men in the painting somewhat contain some type or form of Greek (or perhaps even Romanesque) stature. Each man is standing in powerful type of pose, the painter created this effect in order to literally illustrate how powerful the men were, it could also be an inkling for showing how the British would ultimately fail the ongoing war. This painting is a great representation of a well-known ideology named American Exceptionalism. To be laconic, this portrays how the Americans were independent and determined. With their tight-knit communities and philosophical ideologies, they were able to survive the war and ultimately sack the British.

Identity of the Author

John Trumbull was born on June 6, 1756 in Connecticut. His father, Jonathan, served as governor of the colony from 1769 to 1784. He was a descendant of the original Puritan settlers who came to the area in the early 17th century. As a child, Trumbull had an accident which caused him to lose sight in one of his eyes. Many art historians think that his “eye for detail” helped with his paintings. His sister was the reason why he became interested in art. She did a lot of needlework - however, Trumbull’s father thought that the idea of picture making was nonsensical for his son, a “proper gentleman”. He was sent off to Harvard in 1771. Trumbull later entered the Revolutionary War as a personal aide to George Washington. He later resigned in 1777. He began to study the art of painting during 1784 in London. Trumbull created over 250 paintings in his lifetime. Some famous examples include the Declaration of Independence (which is on the reverse side of the two dollar bill), Surrender of Lord Cornwallis, Surrender of General Burgoyne, and Washington Resigning his Commission. These paintings were all purchased by the United States government and now hang in the rotunda of the Capitol. Trumbull later served as president of an art school and died in New York City on November 10, 1843 at the age of 87.