New England Colonies

Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire


In the early 1600's, the Massachusetts Bay Colony was created by the Puritans for religious freedom. The Puritans were very strict and only the men were allowed to participate in government activities. There was lots of ship building and fishing in Massachusetts. The land was not very fertile, so they farmed just enough to survive.

Rhode Island

In 1636, Roger Williams was banned from Massachusetts for being a dissenter, or questioning the Puritan beliefs. Williams founded Rhode Island for religious freedom. Anne Hutchinson was also banished from Massachusetts and she helped Williams found Rhode Island. Like Massachusetts, the land was not very fertile, so the colonist farmed their own crops to feed their family.


Thomas Hooker wanted to make a place where all men could vote, no matter how much money or land they had. In 1635, he led approximately 100 colonists to the Connecticut river and this is where Connecticut was formed.

New Hampshire

Other people that were following Hookers group, kept going north to settle in the land that would become New Hampshire. John Mason came over from Europe and he called this land that he and his colonists settled, New Hampshire. This colony also had subsistence farming.