Africa History

Map Of Division

As you can see different countries control different countries. They were all split up when the Berlin Conference came into hand. In 1884 at the Berlin conference the European countries made a deal to split up Africa. Now only 20% of Africa is not controlled by the European Nations. On the map the colors represent what European Countries control the parts of Africa.

Apartheid in South Africa

In South Africa color matters. In 1910 the white controlled the government of South Africa and the land and the wealth in the hands of the whites. Apartheid means "Segregation and Mistreatment". The impacts of segregation were serious.

  • It forced blacks to move to poor rural areas called homelands
  • Blacks could not vote
  • Blacks were kept in low paying jobs
  • Blacks were put in poor schools
  • Blacks had to carry identification
  • Separate schools, restaurants, and hospitals were created

All of the laws separated blacks, whites, Asians, and coloureds.

In 1994, Nelson Mandela had been elected president after having his stay in jail for 28 years for fighting Apartheid. He was the first multiracial person elected president. He worked hard to bring segregation to an end. Although the whites still control most of the wealth in Africa, everyone is treated equally.

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21st Century Africa Issues

In Africa there are many problems that the people are facing. Such things like diseases, poverty, famine, drought, civil war, and poor education. There are many deaths from all of these things. For example, about 260,000 people die each year from lack of food. Think about that, that is a lot of people to lose each year.

There are many diseases such as Malaria, HIV, AIDS, and also Genocide. Many people also die from these diseases. Some solutions for Malaria is to put in the insect and mosquito nets to kill them.

There is only about 40-50 birth rates a year in each country. This is not enough to cover for the deaths that are in Africa.

The poverty levels dropped in Africa between 2006 and 2011, falling below 30% in extreme poverty, 45.5% in modern poverty, and around 10 million people in South Africans living in extreme poverty.

In conclusion, leaders need to help get these kids and also adults out of poverty.

Independence Movements

Many Kenya people thought their land was takin unfairly by the British. A group of Kenyans started a group called the Mau Mau. The Mau Mau was a secret society that started in 1952 and ended in 1960. They believed force was the only way to get their independence form the British. The British Army defeated the Mau Mau in 1994 even though it went on till 1960. Thousands of people were killed. Only about 100 were the British and Europeans. The Kenyans finally elected Jomo Kenyatta as their president in 1993. He helped them gain their independence.

At the Berlin Conference Britain was given the power over Nigeria. Nigeria was then made up in to two colonies. By the 1940s, Nigerians had started many groups to fight against British rule. Many of these people went to school in Europe. They also admired the culture. They thought the only way to have their rights was to be free of the Europeans and British. In the late 1940’s the British let the Nigerians elect their own Government. On October 1, 1960 Britain finally gave their independence to Nigeria.