The American Civil War

Significant Battles

Battle of Fort Sumpter

The Battle of Fort Sumter was an important part of the Civil War. It was also one of the first battles of the Civil War. Fort Sumter was a Federal Outpost in South Carolina. Confederate officials began seizing federal branches, arsenals, and military post. Abraham Lincoln refused to give up Fort Sumter and he sent in ships with supplies. Cannons fired on April 12, 1861. Fort Sumter fell 34 hours later and the Civil war began.

Battle of Bull Run

The Battle of Bull Run was the first battle in Civil War. It was fought on July 21, 1861 in Manassas, Virginia. This battle was a turning point for the Civil War. The Norths Union Army quickly realized that they weren't going to win the war quickly and easily. The Union had 2,896 casualties and the Confederacy had 1,982.

Battle of Hampton Roads

The Battle of Hampton Roads was the first battle of the Iron armed battles. This battle was fought on March 9, 1862 in Virginia. It was history's first fight between Ironclad Warships. It was also the beginning of a new era of naval warfare.

Battle of Shiloh

The Battle of Shiloh was fought on April 6-7, 1862. It was fought in Harding County, Tennessee. Shiloh was one of the first battles with many lives lost. It was the most bloodiest Civil War battles. 24,000 people died. Many began to realize that the Civil War was not going to end quickly.

Battle of Antietam

The battle of Antietam was also a very bloody and violent battle. The Battle of Antietam was fought on September 17, 1862 in Sharpsburg, Maryland. A total of 131,000 soldiers died. 87,000 belonged to the Union and 45,000 Confederates died. Abraham Lincoln and the Union won and claimed their victory. This was a very significant battle of the Civil War because Lincolns victory led to the Emancipation Proclamation that freed all slaves.

The Battle of Vicksburg

The battle of Vicksburg was fought on May 18 - July 4, 1863. Vicksburg was fought in Warren County , Mississippi on the Mississippi River. 100,000 troops had

faced each other and almost 24,000 ended as casualties. General Grant described the war saying "it would have been possible to walk across the clearing in any direction stepping on dead bodies without a foot touching the ground." Pemberton’s Army loss and the Confederacy was effectively split in half. Grant's successes in the West boosted his reputation. He was later appointed as General and Chief of the Union Armies.

Sherman's March to the Sea

Sherman's March to the Sea was fought on May - December 1864. The battle was fought in Southern Tennessee, south to Atlanta, west to Savannah GA and north to Columbia SC and Bentonville NC. William Tecumseh Sherman and 100,000 men battled. Sherman destroyed $80,000,000 worth of property that he didn't have use for. He described as "simple waste and destruction." His victories from Chattanooga, Tennessee to Atlanta to

Savannah, along with those of the other Union commanders were

the beginning of the end for the Confederacy.