NUREMBERG LAWS\JEWISH IMMIGRATION

YEAR 10 ASESSMENT TASK

INTRODUCTION

Nuremberg in 1935, the Nazis announced new laws which institutionalized many of the racial theories prevalent in Nazi ideology. The laws excluded German Jews from Reich citizenship and prohibited them from marrying or having sexual relations with persons of "German or related blood." Nuremberg laws were introduced as the hatred for Jews was imminent and fierce, the Nazis forced Jews out of the country and persecuted if not condemed.

Cause/Effect

the effect on the Jewish called for public persecution, police terror,destruction of Jewish property .During the next six years, Nazis undertook an “Aryanization” of Germany, dismissing non-Aryans from military\army service,destroying Jewish-owned businesses and stripping Jewish lawyers and doctors of their patients. Under the legislation laws 1935, anyone with three or four Jewish grandparents was considered a Jew. Jewish people were forced out of the country migrating to other countries around Europe.Many Germans who had not practiced Judaism for years found themselves caught in the chaos of Nazi terror-- Even people with Jewish grandparents who had converted to Christianity were identified as Jews.
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Implications

For a small period after the events, in the weeks before and during the 1936 Olympic Games held in Berlin, the Nazi regime actually toned downed its anti-Jewish criticism as well as attacks thus even removed some of the signs saying "Jews Unwelcome" from public places\buildings. Hitler did not want international criticism of his government. persecution laws were taking away the rights of the Jewish people having a massive impact on the Jewish kids as well as their families. A simple aspect of these kids lives was taken away by these horrific laws restricting them of their freedom.


Summary of the famous Nuremberg Laws :

o took away German citizenship from all full Jews

o prohibited Jews from flying the German flag (in December 1936 this was extended to any Germans married to Jews)

o prohibited Jews from employing Germans as domestic servants

o prohibited sexual relations between Aryans and Jews

o prohibited marriage between Aryans and Jews

The Aftermath

The Jewish people of Germany had no choice but to flee there own country as they were unwanted and alienated. Migration to another country was there only hope, Jews were required to have identity cards, but the SA added special identifying marks to theirs: a red "J" stamped on the card and new middle names for all the Jews who were not recognizable were carefully examined. "Jewish" first names—"Abraham" for males, "Sara" for females were very easy to identify as they were very popular Jewish names at the time. Country's such as the United States,Poland and Israel . Hitlers rise to power was at its peak as the Jews were being intimidated and publicly embarrassed because of their race.


The initial response to the Nazi takeover was a substantial wave of immigration (37,000–38,000), much of it to neighboring European countries (France, Belgium, The Netherlands, Denmark, Czechoslovakia, and Switzerland). Most of the refugees were later caught by the Nazis after a vast capture of Jews crossing European borders.

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Personal Experience (Kurt Klein ''His Story"

As Nazi anti-Jewish policy intensified, Kurt's family decided to leave Germany. Kurt left for the United States in 1937, but his parents were unable to leave before the outbreak of World War II. Kurt's parents were eventually deported to Auschwitz, in German-occupied Poland. In 1942, Kurt joined the United States Army and was trained in military intelligence. In Europe, he interrogated prisoners of war. In May 1945, he took part in the surrender of a village in Czechoslovakia and returned the next day to assist over 100 Jewish women who had been abandoned there during a death march. Kurt's future wife, Gerda, was one of the women in this group.


The act of hardship and militarism... The battle was on at the time of the when the laws were being implemented that families such as Kurt's to find a home that is free from poverty and racial laws. immigration destinations were very limited at the time with only a few places to go with safety and lives at risk, not many survived but those who did gradually found themselves a home free of anti Semitic laws and persecution.

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