Mexican-American War

By: Deeksha Sriram

Manifest Destiny

1. Through the treat of Guadalupe Hidalgo, the Untied states gained control over roughly half of Mexican territories, including present-day Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming. Mexico also gave up all claims to Texas and recognized the Rio Grande as America's southern boundary.

2. There were plenty of economic opportunities available to American settlers and Immigrants. Some examples of reasons that influenced people to move West were the fact that they could get jobs in logging and farming. Also, at the time, the gold rush was going on, and they could've gotten a lot of money. The freedom of slaves was happening at this time as well.

3. The railway system had a great effect on the US too. It bound states and countries together, causing more communication and trade to ensue. Building on top of that, it helped during the Civil War and other battles. It allowed the North and South to move men and equipment vast distances to further their own war aims.

War

1. There were many advantages for people who joined the US Military, which is why so many people did. They could get free medical care, space-available travel, free housing, morale, welfare, and recreation. Some people could not afford such things as they were, so they decided to join the military to get them.

2. The US won many battles, but some are more significant. For example, the US won the Battle of Palo Alto, which was the first battle in the Mexican-American war, so that was important. They also won the battle of Chapultepec, which was the last battle of the Mexican-American war.

Native Peoples

1. The Indian Trade and Intercourse Act of 1790 placed nearly all interaction between Indians and non-Indians under federal - not state - control - including buying and selling of Indian land. The Commerce Clause of the US Constitution (Article 1, Section 8) declares that "The Congress shall have the power to regulate Commerce with foreign nations and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes." The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 defined the manner in which the United States government would deal with the Indian nations. Section 14, Article 3 of the Ordinance proclaimed, "The utmost good faith shall always be observed towards the Indians; their lands and property shall never be taken from them without their consent; and, in their property, rights, and liberty, they shall never be invaded or disturbed, unless in just and lawful wars authorized by Congress; but laws founded in justice and humanity, shall from time to time be made for preventing wrongs being done to them, and for preserving peace and friendship with them."