Westward Expansion Project
Alex Estrada 6th
Reasons for Purchase? War?
Louisiana Purchase- Thomas Jefferson (3rd President) purchased the Louisiana territory from France in 1803. The Louisiana purchase gave U.S. full access to the Mississippi River and port of New Orleans
Florida- President James Monroe, the 5th president, purchased Florida from Spain in 1819. Florida was given to the United States under the Adamonis Treaty
Texas Annexation- Texas gained its independence from Mexico in 1835. The United States annexed (added) Texas that was independent of 10 years. The annexation (addition) of Texas upset Mexico. Annexation of Texas led to the U.S.-Mexico war
Oregon Territory- Oregon was acquired from Great Britain in 1846 under the Oregon Treaty. The Oregon Territory makes up the Pacific Northwest. Both the U.S. and Great Britain Claimed the area for many years
Mexican Cession- President Polk declared war on Mexico over the dispute of Texas border. The Mexican Cession was acquired from Mexico after the U.S.-Mexico war. Mexico had to give up this vast (large) area under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which ended the war.
Gadsden Purchase-The Gadsden Purchase was bought from Mexico for $10 million under the Gadsden Treaty of 1853
Settlers in the West
People traveled West because they had hope that they could find gold, practice their religion and teach their religion.
Settlers had to cross the Rock Mountains, they had to avoid becoming trapped in the Rockies during the winter,and escape religious persecution.
Oregon Trail- The Oregon Trail led to Oregon Country. The Mormons where looking to convert Native Americans of the area to Christianity.
California Trail-The California Trail led settlers to California. Many settlers where attracted to California because they hoped to find gold.
Mormon Trail- The Mormon Trail led to Salt Lake City, Utah. Settlers that headed to Salt Lake City where hoping to practice the Mormon religion freely.