Oil

Oil is FUN

History Timeline

History of the oil industry

Oil was discovered in 347 A.D. by the Chinese with bamboo poles to drill.

In the 1500s seep oil was collected and used for street lamps.

In 1594 hand dug oils wells are made in Persia

In 1848 the first modern oil well is drilled in Asia

In 1850 first hand dug pits in California find oil

In 1854 the first oil wells in Europe emerge

In 1858 first oil well in North America in Ontario, Canada

In 1859 first oil well in the United States

In 1875 first commercial oil field in California

In 1886 gasoline powered automobiles create new market for oil

In 1902 first rotary rig in California

In the 19th century with the industrial revolution creates a huge boom for the oil business

By the 20th century oil is the dominant fuel and a huge part of the American economy

In 1933 Standard oil gets the first contract to drill for oil in Saudi Arabia

Common Uses

Common Uses Of Mineral Oil

In Cosmetics

Due to its easy availability, the inexpensive mineral oil serves as a common ingredient in ointments, baby lotions, cold creams and cosmetics. It can be used to remove make up and temporary tattoos. At the same time, it is also applied on eyelashes, to prevent them from breaking.

As Preservative

Since mineral oil does not absorb atmospheric moisture, it is frequently used in protecting alkali metals like lithium. They are submerged in mineral oil for storage and transportation. A coating of mineral oil is often applied on metal tools and weapons like knives, to hamper oxidation. It can also be used to condition leather products and preserve wood products. The light coating of mineral oil is also rubbed over well-sanded wood, to give it a durable finish look.

In Medicine

Mineral oil is used as a medicine, both internally and externally. It is prescribed orally as lubricative laxative to ease the pain of bowel movements in people suffering from hemorrhoids and constipation and is taken before going to bed. It coats the bowel with waterproof film that helps it remain moist. However, the oil should be used in moderation, as it can prevent the uptake of certain vitamins and nutrients. In the outer part of the body, mineral oil (with added fragrance) is marketed as baby oil. It is often used to treat infant "diaper rashes" and ease the inflammation. It can also be used to clean the inside of ears (2- 3 drops daily).

Effects on the Environment

Most countries depend on oil. States will go to great lengths to acquire an oil production capability or to be assured access to the free flow of oil. History has provided several examples in which states were willing to go to war to obtain oil resources or in defense of an oil producing region. States have even become involved in conflicts over areas which may only possibly contain oil resources. This trend is likely to continue in the future until a more economical resource is discovered or until the world's oil wells run dry. One problem associated with this dependence on oil is the extremely damaging effects that production, distribution, and use have on the environment. Furthermore, accidents and conflict can disrupt production or the actual oil resource, which can also result in environmental devastation. One potential solution to this problem is to devise a more environmentally-safe resource to fuel the economies of the world.

Major Consequences

EXAMPLE

Ecuador

Fifty percent of Ecuador's national budget is funded by oil earnings and continued oil exploration and production is thought to be necessary to ensure the countries' well being. The country plans to increase production and holds auctions to increase foreign investment. Dependence on oil revenue has hindered Ecuador's environmental enforcement, which in turn has caused damaging consequences to indigenous tribes living in the Amazon region and to the environment in the eastern (Oriente) part of the country. The Indians of Ecuador, located in the Amazon region of Oriente, have joined forces for the past 20 years to resist oil exploration and demand rights to their ancestral lands.

Many of the indigenous tribes in the Amazon region that once numbered in the thousands have been reduced to the hundreds as a result of the pollution generated by oil exploration and other assaults. Water contamination has led to increased risks of cancer, abortion, dermatitis, fungal infection, headaches, and nausea. Their drinking, bathing, and fishing water contain toxins much higher than the safety limits set by the US Environmental Protection Agency.

Future of the Industry

In the future the oil and gas industry faces numerous challenges. There’s have been some large spills and more environmental concerns in the oil and gas industry recently such as the large BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico and other concerns about how we deal with oil and gas in our environment. There are several things that threaten the future of these industries.

Where fossil fuels are found?

These fossil fuel deposits are typically found at depths beneath the Earth surface or ocean floor of tens of meters to kilometers, and often occur in large agglomerations of gas, liquid or solid matter. Presently, combustion of fossil fuels account for over 86 percent of the world's artificial energy delivered to the human society.