Trees of Timberview

By- Payton Chronister and Elaina Allen

Southern Magnolia

Scientific name- Magnolia Grandiflora. Growth rate- Slow to moderate. Full height- 40 feet to 80 feet/width- 30 to 40'. Climate it grows best in- needs sun to partial shade; well drained soil; tolerates high moisture(hardiness zone 7-9). Region- Eastern N. Carolina, South along atlantic to mid Florida, and Southeast Texas. Life span- 80 to 120 years. Leaves- 5 to 10" alternate, simple, dark green leathery leaves, underside often has a cinnamon brown pubescence. Flower/fruit- 8 to 12", fragrant, creamy, white flowers in summer, red seeds in fall that attract birds. Reproduction Method- Fruit opens, seeds emerge and hang before dropping- they are drupelike, with soft, fleshy outer seed coats. When they are young, they produce many seeds that are spread by birds and many other mammals, and sometimes, rain. What Organisms are dependent on the tree- Songbirds, migrating birds, other small animals for seeds of flowers. Beetles for pollen. Shelter for birds and small animals. Shades for plants, animals, and humans. What parasites affect this tree- Phyllasticta Magnolie which is a fungus that causes spots on leaves, also Algal Leaf spot caused by Cephaleuros Virecens. Possible adaptations- Not flamable which protects it from wildfires, and it has deep roots so a hurricane or tornado cannot affect the tree.

Texas Red Oak

Scientific Name- Quercus rubra. Growth rate- Rapid(2 feet every 4 years, hardiness zone 8). Height- Rarely over 75 feet, usually 30-50 feet. Climate it grows best in- Texas, Georgia, and Florida. Fruit- .7 to 1 inch acorn. Life span- about 200 years(under the right conditions). Reproduction Method- Each spring the tree produces male and female flowers. The flowers open and animals and insects use the pollen and spread it around. Later acorns will grow. What parasites affect it- Oak wilt can kill these trees by turning the leaves yellow or brown, Oak decline which is fungi that insects bring to the tree, Read oak borer's larvae burrow into the trees bark. Biotic Organisms depending on the tree- Acorns, food for ruffed grouse, blue jay, wild turkey, red squirrels, gray squirrels, fox squirrels, bears, deer, raccoons, chipmunks, mice, birds, and squirrels for shelter. Adaptations- Withstands pollutants, Leathery leaves keep leaves from decomposing.

Red Cedar

Scientific name- Juniperus Virginiana. Growth Rate- Moderate to rapid. Height- 30- 50 feet. Climate it grows best in- This tree grows from Nova Scotia to the northern Florida and west to the Dakotas and Texas. Leaves- Scale like leaves, scales rounded, close to a twig. Fruit- Loose, not packed tightly, fruit has a pit, less than one inch, green, blue, then grey. Life span- Most live to be 150, but some can live to be 300 years old. Reproduction method- Male and Female flowers grow on separate trees. Birds spread the seeds to different places. What parasites affect it- Bagworms eat leaves, sometimes killing young trees, and polypore fungi affects the tree. Biotic organisms depending on the tree- Birds and other small animals so they can survive in the cold winter. This tree is a home to many animals. Adaptations- Wood is very strong and thick so people won't be as tempted to cut the tree down, and other insects cannot chew through the bark.

More information about these 3 trees

To grow these trees properly- You need to collect fruit as soon as it matures, plant the trees in the spring, clean the trees, grow in a partially shaded environment, plant in good soil such as alkaline soil, and the trees would need to be watered daily. Limiting factors that kept the trees from growing properly at Timberview- Students that pick flowers or fruit or do anything else to damage the trees, dust and pollution from work plant nearby, hard soil and rocks, weird spacing. Abiotic factors to survive- Sunshine, soil, and water. What the trees do for us- provide us with oxygen, cover the work plant, pleasing to the eye, bring animals, and provide shade.