Sickle Cell Anemia

AKA Hemoglobin S

Overview

Sickle Cell Disease turns healthy red blood cells into unhealthy, crescent-shaped blood cells. These deformed cells can get clogged in blood vessels, last 10-20 days compared to 90-120, and can harm multiple body parts. Because they are stiff and crescent shaped, they can clog a blood vessel which causes oxygen to not be able to reach nearby tissues. While it is not a contagious disease, if you inherit an abnormal hemoglobin gene from each parent, the disease will be lifelong. There are treatments, but the life expectancy is 40-60 years.
Sickle Cell Anemia: A Patient's Journey

Information

Sickle Cell Disease is inherited on the X chromosome. Parents can get prenatal tests to diagnose if their offspring will also have the disease. Hemoglobin S can cause sudden, severe pain, harm to multiple organs, less energy, and infections. It is a rare disease, but can occur anywhere in the world (most common in Africa) as long as both of the parents pass down an abnormal hemoglobin gene from the X chromosome. There are a few treatments like blood or bone marrow transfusions that can help with Sickle Cell Anemia. If these can't be performed, then pain relievers and other medication will have to do for the rest of their life. If both parents with Sickle Cell Anemia pass down the faulty hemoglobin gene to their children, the disease is unpreventable. Currently, there aren't any direct cures besides treatments that can help.
The Problem With Sickled Cells

Works Cited

Gibbons, Gary. "What Is Sickle Cell Disease?" NHLBI - NIH. N.p., 12 June 2015. Web. 05 May 2016. <http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/sca>.


Koch, Ashley. "Sickle Cell Disease." Genetics Home Reference. NIH, 03 May 2016. Web. 05 May 2016. <https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/sickle-cell-disease#synonyms>.


Laflamme, Mark. "Sickle Cell Anemia." Healthline. N.p., 21 Dec. 2015. Web. 05 May 2016. <http://www.healthline.com/health/sickle-cell-anemia#Complications5>.


Simmons, Frederick. "Sickle Cell Anemia." American Society of Hematology. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 May 2016. <http://www.hematology.org/Patients/Anemia/Sickle-Cell.aspx>.