Mythical King of Athens; Demigod

Theseus's Family Tree and Relationships

Theseus was a Greek hero and possibly a demigod, the son of Aegeus, King of Athens, and Aethra. However, he may have been the son of Poseidon, who seduced Aethra around the same time she met Aegeus. Theseus was raised by his mother since Aegeus had gone back to Athens unaware that he may have fathered a child. Theseus had two wives, Hippolyta and Phaedra, and was a cousin to Hercules (Heracles).

A more detailed family tree linking Theseus to other heroes, kings and gods can be found here:

Theseus' Job Description

Theseus was a great hero and adventurer who traveled by land and sea defeating many bandits and robbers throughout the Greek isles. But his greatest adventure was his journey to Minos to stop the sacrifice of young Athenians at the hands of the monstrous Minotaur. With the help of King Minos' daughter, Ariadne, and Daedalus, who designed the Labyrinth, Theseus was able to find and slay the Minotaur and find his way back out of the treacherous maze.

Theseus later became King of Athens and was seen as a great unifier in Greece, He brought together the broken country of Attica and made Athens its capital.

Theseus's traits

Theseus is very strong, clever and resourceful. Once, a man with a large, brass club said he was going to kill Theseus with it. Theseus said the man's club couldn't be solid brass. The man gave Theseus the club to prove it and Theseus killed his attacker instead. Theseus' strength and resourcefulness also helped him to defeat the Minotaur and escape the Labyrinth of King Minos.


Physical strength, intelligence and resourcefulness were Theseus' greatest assets. They helped him defeat a giant named Sciron, who threw his victims from a cliff into the jaws of a man-eating turtle. When Theseus encountered Sciron, Sciron insisted Theseus wash his feet or have his head chopped off. Theseus bowed down to wash the giant's feet, then grabbed Sciron's leg and hurled him from the cliff.


Theseus was too proud for his own good and was also a womanizer. These traits almost got him stuck forever in Hades when he and his cousin, Pirithous, went to Hades to kidnap Persephone. Theseus found himself stuck to a rock outside of Tartarus and surrounded by angry Furies. Theseus was also forgetful, and his forgetting to raise the white sail on his ship as he returned from Minos caused his father, Aegeus, to leap to his death thinking his son was dead.

Fun Facts About Theseus

* If Poseidon was truly Theseus' father, then he was cousin to many other demigods, including Hercules (Heracles), who saved Theseus' life in Hades.

* Theseus was eventually reunited with Aegeus. Aegeus' wife, Medea, heard Theseus would try to kill her, so she tried to get Aegeus to give Theseus poison wine. Before he could poison him, however, Aegeus recognized his own sword and sandals that Theseus had gotten from beneath a boulder where Aegeus had hid them. Aegeus knew only his son would have those items.

* Theseus completed six labors, defeating many beasts and bandits with his strength and cunning.

* Theseus' name was the same in both Greek and Roman.

Theseus' Symbols

The symbol most associated with Theseus is, perhaps, the Labyrinth. Designed by Daedalus for King Minos and home to the bloodthirsty Minotaur, it was the site of Theseus' most famous victory. When most people think of mazes and labyrinths, they think of Theseus and the Minotaur.
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Works Cited

Works Cited

Answers. Answers Corporation. Web. 28 Jan. 2016.

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"Encyclopedia of Greek Mythology: Theseus." Encyclopedia of Greek Mythology: Theseus.

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Myths;Legends of the World. 2001, "Theseus." World Encyclopedia. 2005, and "Theseus." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. 2007. "Theseus." HighBeam Research, 01 Jan. 2015.

"Theseus' Family Tree."Theseus' Family Tree. Web. 28 Jan. 2016.

"Theseus | Greek Hero."Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 28 Jan. 2016.

"Theseus, Hero of Athens | Essay | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art." The Met's Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Web. 28 Jan. 2016.

"Theseus." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th Ed.. 2015, Elizabeth Knowles, "Theseus."

"Theseus." Theseus. Web. 28 Jan. 2016.

Web. 28 Jan. 2016.