China is an ancient, mysterious, beautiful land and is always appealing to adventurous foreign visitors. It’s the third largest country in the world occupying an area of 9,600,000 sq km.
A wide variety of land and climate shape its numerous natural attractions. Abundant in a variety of resources, plants, animals, and minerals, the land has nurtured countless generations of Chinese people.
China is a sovereign state located in East Asia. It is the world's most popullated country, with a population of over 1.35 billion.
Buddhism was introduced to China around the first century A.D. Since the fourth century A.D, it was widely spread and gradually became the most significant religion in China. Buddhism in China is divided into three branches according to varied language families, namely, Chinese Buddhism, Tibetan Buddhism and Pali Buddhism and there are about 200 thousand Buddhist monks and nuns under these three branches. At present, there are more than 13 thousand Buddhist temples that are open to the public.
Chinese comprises of seven main dialects, Mandarin, Cantonese, Hakka, Wu, Min, Xiang, and Gan .The variety of Mandarin based on the speech in the capital Beijing is the official national language of mainland China and is termed Pŭtōnghuà, Common language.