What is a Muscle Spasm?
A muscle spasm is a painful and involuntary muscular contraction. People often get "tight" muscles in the neck, back, shoulders, or legs. Athletes often get cramps during strenuous activity. These cramps are spams also.
How a Muscle Spasm happens?
Spasms usually occur from overusing muscles or from an injury. They can happen also if you are dehydrated during a strenuous activity. Muscle spasms may also occur, mainly in the neck, if you are stressed. Cramps in the calf often happen at night, because the muscle is in a shortened position (fetal position) and then when the person tries to contract further, it causes the muscle to cramp. The movement of the foot going upward or downward when in a shortened position causes a contraction in the muscle.
What are Symptoms of Muscle Spasms?
- Tightness or knot in muscle
- May hurt to use muscle or it may be hard to use
- Can be extremely painful
- Self Diagnosis
- Health care provider may examine it
- Proper stretching
- Loosen the covers of bed at night
- Drink enough fluids, or sports drink
- Don't have poor posture
- Get enough calcium
- Put ice on spasm caused by injury
- Try stretching the muscle
- Longer spasms can be treated with moist heat
- Care provider can give stretching exercises
- Massage the muscle
- Medicine for severe cramps at night can be taken
Most cases of muscle spasms are mild and will resolve within a few minutes. Any soreness or discomfort will usually disappear within a few days. Muscle spasms for other causes can be helped with medicine.