Taylor Moser 5th Period
A time in human history that changed the course of technology. They invented steam engines, the spinning jenny, and had textile productions. Most people lived in the Slums and even had children working up to 12 hours a day in unfit working conditions, most dangerous.
Causes: The Industrial Revolution was one of the big causes of Embargo Act of 1807 and the War of 1812. Many factors led to the War of 1812:
- Troubles with Native Americans
- War Hawks
- British aid to Native Americans
- Foreign nations did not respect America
Effects:As goods became cheaper because of the cheaper and more efficient production of goods, people could buy more of the good. They could buy everything they needed, and would have some money left over. The middle class was made up of managers, clerks, accountants, retailers, and anyone with a decent job at the time. The middle class had enough money to spend on leisure goods, rather than only buying what they needed to live.
Imperialism in Africa
1800's to the middle 1900's, a time when Europe craved more land and took from Africa. This event is said to be the cause of several wars in Africa, mostly for its unstable government system. England claimed most of Africa, the rest for other parts of Europe. Only about 3 countries of Africa are owned by the Africans.
Causes: Europe wanted to expand their territory so they claimed parts of Africa. This left some parts of Africa in ruin. Europeans found out that Africa was rich in natural resources and so they sought out power to control what could be bought and sold.
Effects: Many Africans strayed away from their tribal beliefs and leaned towards Christianity and other European beliefs. This of course caused many conflicts between and even within tribes. Obviously, it was not the biggest factor contributing to WWI but imperialism in general can be linked to it. This race between nations to get as many colonies outside of Europe as they could created anger and tension between the countries of Europe. Add this to increased militarism, strong nationalism, large alliance groups, an assassination and you've got World War I.
Franz Ferdinand, was an Archduke of Austria-Este, Austro-Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia from 1896 until his death. Austria-Hungary was a polyglot empire of different ethnic groups at odds with each other over religion and politics, and united to a flag that wasn't theirs. The only thing the divergent ethnic people hated more than each other was Hapsburgs. Archduke Franz Ferdinand's public persona was cold, sharped-tongued and short-tempered. He was also rumored to be insane due to the inbreeding of the Hapsburg family. One matter is clear: Franz Ferdinand understood that the empire was disintegrating and, thusly, that something needed to be done.
Technology of WWI
The Allies began developing these armoured ‘landships’ in 1915, but the first tanks didn’t make their way into battle until the Somme offensive the following year. So named due to their resemblance to water tanks (and disguised as such on their way to the front), they were first used in force on 16 September during the Battle of Flers-Courcelette and proved to be cumbersome death traps more adept at killing their own occupants than the enemy. But their potential was undeniable, and by July 1918 The Tank Corps was established, garnering almost 30,000 members by the end of the war.
The effect was as expected. Hundreds of causalities and less American soldiers lost to the war. The invention of the Tank made it easier for the troops to get close to the enemies without being in the open and getting shot at. By mid-1915, the infantries were already getting some entertainment by watching dogfights in the skies, and air superiority became a significant factor in tactical success in the second half of the war.
This community movement was known for their hostility of democracy and socialism and the aim of establishing dictatorships. In Fascism, violent was a part of normal everyday life. As Mussolini himself remarked - "Peace is observed: Fascism does not believe in it". Fascists believed in strict press censorship in which anti-fascist news-papers and magazines were either banned or their editors replaced by fascist supporters. Radio, films and theatre were controlled in the same way. They even watched carefully of the education system they were so strict.
Causes: One of the major causes of Fascism was the Great Depression. When the economy fell so did the government system. Also the Treaty of Versailles was known to have caused Fascism. Though their are no exact causes of Fascism, it is a belief.
Effects: Fascism does not favor human rights and has several disadvantages. These include suppression of free speech, violation of human rights, unjustified imprisonment, harsh punishment, racism, slavery, misery, a tendency to willingly go to war as well as an over dependence on systems.
The act of giving in to another country to avoid violence and war. Hitler built up his army. After 1936, he reintroduced conscription, and by 1939 Germany had 95 warships, 8,250 airplanes and an army of 1,000,000... Hitler even war-tested his armed forces in the Spanish Civil War. Britain and France turned a blind eye to these breaches of the Treaty of Versailles – Britain even made a naval agreement with Germany, accepting Germany’s right to a navy 35% of the British navy. This looked like appeasement. In 1936, Hitler moved his troops into the Rhineland.
Effects: Hitler took over Italy after Italy's leader made appeasement with Hitler so there would be no fighting.
Started after WW1, a crippled Germany left many of the world's powers injured. Because of the debt Germany owe, the had to borrow to even pay some it back. This resulted in government corruption. Germany had thought that printing money was the best solution for solving their debt problem but in the end, their money became worthless.
Hitler began to storm countries and demanding for their land, the countries agreed to Hitler's terms only if he keep the peace, which he didn't. Hitler decided to make the Jews pay and started a mass genocide.
Causes: After the money issue impacting the economy, Hitler decided that Germany needed a plan to get back on track. To start a war.
Effects: The after effects of the war left 1/3 of the Jewish population dead and left Germany crippled and injured. After troops had thought they found Hitler, he committed suicide.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki Bombing
After the bombing of Pearl in 1941, the United States and her allies had been at war with Japan. The combined land, sea and air forces of the Allies fought back against Japan. It was an attack of surprise, no one had seen it coming. The United States flew planes towards Hiroshima loaded with an atomic bomb, a weapon of mass destruction the world had never seen before. Upon using the bomb, the bomb wiped out the whole city of Hiroshima and the nearby city of Nagasaki. A total of 140,000 deaths were counted.
Causes: With the war on rise, President Truman had no shame on dropping the bomb. It was either lose 500,000 American soldiers if had stormed inside the city vs. 140,000 Japanese people with the bomb.
Effects: By dropping the atomic bomb, it ended the war and prevented anymore loss of American soldiers.
The Cold War
A clash of very different beliefs and ideology – capitalism versus communism – each held with almost religious conviction, formed the basis of an international power struggle with both sides vying for dominance, exploiting every opportunity for expansion anywhere in the world.
Note that USSR in 1945 was Russia post-1917 and included all the various countries that now exist individually (Ukraine, Georgia etc) but after the war they were part of this huge country up until the collapse of the Soviet Union (the other name for the USSR).
9/11 Terrorist Attack
September 11, 2000. An attack from Bin Laden, he sent 4 planes straight to the United States. 1 to the Pentagon, 2 to the World Trade Center, 1 to the White House. The plane heading toward the capital landed in a field, the heroic act of several passengers who decided to take a detour. As the 2 planes hit the Towers, it caused the structure of the buildings to wobble, causing them to fall.
Causes: Unknown as to why Bin Laden targeted the United States.
Effects: 2,996 causalities, led to the search for Bin Laden and a war against his terrorist group.