Immigration & Ellis Island

by: Jasmine cox

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Ellis Island

  • Ellis Island opened in 1892 as a federal immigration station, a purpose it served for more than 60 years (it closed in 1954).
  • This picture is showing people on a steamboat passing Ellis island admiring the statue of liberty
  • Ellis Island is no more than a lot of sand in the Hudson River, located just south of Manhattan. The Mohegan Indians who lived on the nearby shores call the island Kioshk, or Gull Island.
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Angel Island

  • This is a picture of Angel Island the island is located in San Francisco this picture show boats and transportation to the island and around it.
  • Sometimes referred to as “the Ellis Island of the West,” Angel Island served as an Immigration Station for immigrants entering the United States through California.
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Immigration on Ellis Island

Ellis Island was the principal federal immigration station in the United States from 1892 to 1954. More than 12 million immigrants were processed here. Over time, the immigration station spread over 3 connected islands with numerous structures including a hospital and contagious disease wards.

It is estimated that over 40 percent of all citizens can trace their ancestry to those who came through Ellis Island.

  • This picture is showing immigrants standing on the island before the island had got remodeled and all the immigrants moved off the island they went here so they could get freedom.

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The journey (Immigrants)

Immigrants sailed to America in hopes of carving out new destinies for themselves. Most were fleeing religious persecution, political oppression and economic hardships. Thousands of people arrived daily in New York Harbor on steamships from mostly Eastern and Southern Europe

However, for all of them the trip meant days and sometimes months aboard overcrowded ships often traveling through hazardous weather. Substandard food an sanitation conditions only compounded the misery for many who had become sick aboard these ships.

  • The picture is showing how many people would ride this ship to get there freedom and how dangerous it would be.

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Arrival of the Immigrants

Immigrant arrivals reached approximately one million each year during the peak immigration period, 1900-1914. The ever-growing numbers that taxed the facility with long lines and overcrowding.

Sometimes new arrivals had to wait aboard their ships for days before being transferred to Ellis Island. Once there, they were often confined to the overcrowded barges for hours without food or water, waiting for their turn to disembark for inspection.

  • This picture is showing how happy the immigrants are once they have arrived so they can get to a better place to have freedom with their families.

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Medical inspection (Immagrants)

Many immigrant women were frightened by the clinical routine followed on Ellis Island. For a woman who had never been touched by a man other than her husband, being examined by a male doctor could be a traumatic experience.

Medical inspection cards, punched daily aboard ship, were presented to the Ellis Island physicians for final examination. If the immigrant was in good health the card was stamped "passed." This was only if they passed the inspection.

  • This picture is showing one of the inspections they would get done before they could actually settle in.

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Mental testing (Immagrants)

"According to a 1917 U.S. Public Health Service manual, 9 out of 100 immigrants were marked with an "X" during the line inspection and were sent to mental examination rooms for further questioning. During this primary examination, doctors first asked the immigrants to answer a few questions about themselves, and then to solve simple arithmetic problems, or count backward from 20 to 1, or complete a puzzle."

  • This picture explains the kind of testing for them to see if they had any disease to see if they were crazy or had any problems