Sleeping Giants

Dormant volcanoes that still pose a threat to society

Positives and negatives of living in Indonesia and the possible outcomes of living in the region.

Are volcanoes as detrimental as they appear?

In today's eyes, volcanoes and many other things like them are seen as harmful and destructive but they really aren't as bad as they are thought to be. "In recent years, emerging volcanic land has been found in several places." (Create & Destroy). This piece shows that many of the existing islands and most of the newly appearing ones wouldn't be on the planet. Islands such as Hawaii and many others were created by millions of years of eruptions, steadily building up until they are out of the oceans. Also, it is speculated that the water became a thing on our planet was volcanoes releasing water vapor when they would erupt. If this never happened, Earth would look a lot like every other planet in the solar system because there is no life inhabiting it. The final benefit that I found was that the soil around volcanoes become more fertile due to the nutrient rich lava flowing constantly over the area.

Even though volcanoes have benefits, their negatives heavily outweigh them.

Once Mt. Tambora and Mt. Krakatoa were finished erupting, they alone killed at least 128,000 people within 100 years (Create and Destroy). This shows that living in the general vicinity or raising a family in Indonesia could be troublesome due to how active the area is. Two of the three deadliest volcanoes can be found here which adds to the negatives of the location. They can affect more than this Southeast Asian country. After Krakatoa started emitting lava, the temperature rose 0.9 degrees Fahrenheit and didn't return to normal for a 5 years (Krakatoa). This could impact wildlife and humans around the world because they would have to adapt to having a warmer climates. The sea level rose 1.7 centimeters as well due to warming of water from 1955 to 1998 (Krakatoa Stifled). This could damage millions of dollars of property and could destroy natural habitats of animals. After The eruption, the peaks of the volcano collapsed in and caused a tsunami which destroyed 165 coastal villages (Krakatoa Stifled). This impacted the lives of thousands of people who decided to live around a major volcano.

Pictures of the Indonesian volcanoes and their effects

Summary

Overall, Indonesia has its positives and negatives but some aspects deserve to be looked at in more detail. The fact that two of the three most deadly volcanoes are located in Indonesia should raise eyebrows. The chain of volcanic islands are one of the most active areas on Earth so it should known that living or raising a family here could be risky.

Citations

"Krakatoa." Environmental Encyclopedia. Gale, 2011. Science in Context. Web. 23 Mar. 2016.



"Krakatoa stifled sea level rise for decades." Science News 18 Feb. 2006: 110. General OneFile. Web. 23 Mar. 2016.



"Create & destroy: without the heat and nutrients provided by the earliest volcanic eruptions, life may never have originated on Earth. But the same volcanoes that helped spark life also can be very destructive. Throughout history, they have wiped out entire civilizations and the next earth-shattering eruption could happen anytime." Science Illustrated Mar.-Apr. 2013: 44+. Science In Context. Web. 25 Mar. 2016.



Bagley, Mary. "Krakatoa Volcano: Facts About 1883 Eruption." LiveScience. TechMedia Network, 26 Mar. 2013. Web. 07 Apr. 2016.