Malcolm X

Civil Rights Activist

Who Is Malcolm X?

Malcolm X was born May 19th 1925, he was an American Muslim minister and a human rights activist. To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; People accused him of preaching racism and violence. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history.

Brief History

Malcolm X was effectively orphaned early in life. His father was killed when he was six and his mother was placed in a mental hospital when he was thirteen, after which he lived in a series of foster homes. In 1946, at age 20, he went to prison for larceny and breaking and entering. While in prison, Malcolm X became a member of the Nation of Islam, and after his parole in 1952, he quickly rose to become one of the organization's most influential leaders, serving as the public face of the controversial group for a dozen years.

What was he Involved in?

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Malcolm X and Leader of Nation of Islam Elijah Muhammad.
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By March 1964, Malcolm X had grown disappointed with the Nation of Islam and its leader Elijah Muhammad. Expressing many regrets about his time with them, which he had come to regard as largely wasted, he embraced Sunni Islam. After a period of travel in Africa and the Middle East which included completing the Hajj, and founded Muslim Mosque, Inc. and the Organization of Afro-American Unity.

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In February 1965 he was assassinated by three Nation of Islam members.

Achievements

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  • the NOI newspaper, was founded by Malcolm in 1957
  • In 1963, the New York Times reported that Malcolm X was the second most sought after speaker in the United States.
  • In March 1964, after his split with the NOI, Malcolm forms the Muslim Mosque, Inc. Several months later, he also organizes the Organizations of Afro-American Unity (OAAU).
  • Malcolm’s autobiography, which he worked on for two years with writer Alex

Three leadership Traits Malcolm X has in common with Nelson Mandela

No. 1-Courage is not the absence of fear — it's inspiring others to move beyond it.
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Throughout 1964, as conflict with the Nation of Islam intensified, Malcolm X was repeatedly threatened. In February a leader of Temple Number Seven ordered the bombing of Malcolm X's car. In March, Elijah Muhammad told the Boston minister that "hypocrites like Malcolm should have their heads cut off On June 8, FBI surveillance recorded a telephone call in which the wife of Malcolm X, Betty Shabazz was told that her husband was "as good as dead." Four days later, an FBI informant received a tip that "Malcolm X is going to be bumped off." On July 9 Elijah Muhammad referred to Malcolm X by saying, "Anyone who opposes the Honorable Elijah Muhammad puts their life in jeopardy." to an undercover FBI agent.The September 1964 issue of Ebony dramatized Malcolm X's defiance of these threats by publishing a photograph of him holding a rifle while peering out a window.

In relation to Nelson Mandela

Malcolm X continued to fight for what he believed even though his life was threatened almost everyday. Even though he had tremendous courage the picture above shows that his fear was not absent; Much like the airplane incident that Nelson Mandela went through, Malcolm still carried on with his life to inspire others to be courageous.

No. 8- Quitting is leading too.

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After realizing the actions and beliefs of the Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad were wrong Malcolm X quit the organization even though he knew it would be very dangerous. After Malcolm X he founded an Organization called Muslim Mosque Inc.

In relation to Nelson Mandela

This relates to Nelson Mandela's leadership traits because by stepping down from presidency Nelson Mandela set an example to many other different world leaders. For Malcolm X he shows this trait by quitting the Nation of Islam and starting the Muslim Mosque Inc. he showed that you shouldn't be afraid of doing what you want to do no matter the circumstance.
No. 2-Lead from the front — but don't leave your base behind.
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Even though Malcolm X started a new Muslim organization to help the people of Islam he did not forget about the way African-american people were being treated so he started another organization for the purpose of fighting for the human of African Americans. This organization was called The Organization of Afro-American Unity. The OAAU was modeled on the Organisation of African Unity, which had impressed Malcolm X during his visit to Africa in April and May 1964.

In relation to Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela launched negotiations with the apartheid government and visited his comrades in prison even though his reputation was at stake and he slowly brought them along. Malcolm X also shows that he didn't leave his base behind because even though he converted to Islam he still believed that the racial segregation was wrong.