In the world market, because of high taste qualities, pistachio nuts are 3-4 times more expensive than that of walnut and almonds. Iran and Turkey are the main suppliers of pistachio on the world market. In these countries pistachio is called «green gold», in Iran pistachio export makes 10% of total exports. The figure is close to Uzbekistan’s cotton export. Regretfully, being an ideal place for pistachio production and a home for many varieties, Uzbekistan, is the pistachio importer. Therefore, it makes sense to plant pistachios in Uzbekistan.
The greatest constraint is the fact that the farmer obtains the initial profit only 5-7 years after, but there are mitigation means to get income quicker by planting and growing different cultures in pistachio row-spacing. Investments made in pistachio plantation bring profit during the lifetime of a farmer and his descendants. The lifetime of a pistachio tree is over 1000 years.