EVOLUTION OF JEWISH LAW (HALACHA)

BENJI WEINMANN

WHAT IS HALACHA?

The Hebrew word for Jewish Law is HALACHA

HALACHA provides a detailed guideline as to how to live

The word HALACHA comes from the Hebrew word "HOLECH" meaning to walk


BUT OVERALL, HALACHA IMPLIES DIRECTION, MOVEMENT, PROGRESS.

IT IS A PATH TO FOLLOW!


WRITTEN LAW

The written law is made up of 3 sections: Torah, Neviim, Ketuvim.

This is commonly known as the TANACH


there are 2 different approaches to the written Torah: ORTHODOX, and REFORM


the ORTHODOX Jews believe that the Torah was written by G-d. Therefore the laws and Mitzvot are directly from G-d so they must be obeyed. they are authoritative and binding.


The REFORM Jews believe that the Torah wasn't given directly from G-d but by people who were 'inspired' by G-d. Therefore the laws and Mitzvot are not necessarily from G-d so one must not necessarily have to obey them; they are NOT regarded as authoritative and binding.

ORAL LAW

MISHNAH:

the Mishnah is the explaination of the Torah. it elaborates on coded sections of the Torah. this is a large portion of the oral law and when combined with the Gemara, it is known as the Talmud. Many people refer to the Mishnah when they struggle to understand the meaning of sections in the Torah.


GEMARA:

Gemara is the analysis of the Mishnah. It was formed by rabbis throughout Eretz Yisroel and Babylonia. It contains debates and discussions on different topics.


COMMENTATORS:

There are many different commentators throughout Jewish history. They play a huge part in the Oral Law, offering their insights and knowledge. Many of their teachings are found throughout the Mishnah and Gemara. Famous commenators include the great Rashi, Rambam, the Tosafot, and the more recent Yosef Karo.


CODES:

Jewish code or laws are known as Halacha. Halacha isa guide that every Jew should follow. It provides direction in life. These laws can be found throughout the Oral Law.

RESPONSA:

The RESPONSA is the teaching and analysis of the Oral Law from more modern times. These deal with contemporary issues. The scholars were asked for answer for many issues throughout the Jewish exile. These answer were comprised into what is know known as the Jewish RESPONSA.