Design styles

By: Emma, Rylee, Riley, and Allie


Colonial style homes are often rectangular and symmetrical with bedrooms on the second floor. The double-hung windows usually have many small, equally sized square panels. During the late 1800's and throughout the 20th century, builders borrowed Colonial ideas to create redefined Colonial Revival homes with elegant central hallways and elaborate cornices.


You can recognize a contemporary style home by their oddly sized windows, their lack of ornamentation, and their unusual mixtures of wall materials: stone, brick, or wood. Architects designed contemporary-style homes between 1950 and 1970.

There are two styles of contemporary homes: flat-roof and gable types. The latter is often characterized by exposed beams however both breeds tend to be one-story tall and were designed to incorporate the surrounding landscape.


This style was popularized at the turn of the 20th century by architect Gustav Stickley. The Craftsman style bungalow reflected a house reduced to it's simplest form. It's low, broad proportions and absolute lack of ornamentation gives it a character so natural and unaffected that it seems to blend with the landscape. Features overhanging eaves, a low-slung gabled roof, and wide front porches framed by pedestal- like tapered columns. Material often included stone, are wood, and stucco. Many homes have wide front porches across part of the front, supported by columns.


In suburban Chicago in 1893, Frank Lloyd Wright, Americas most famous architect, designed the first Prairie style house. It is still a common style throughout the Midwest. Prairie houses come in two styles-- boxy and symmetrical or low-slung and asymmetrical and the roofs are low-pitched with wide eyes. Brick and clapboard are the most common building materials. Other details: rows of casement windows; one-story porches with massive square supports and stylized floral and circular geometric terra-cotta or masonry ornamentation around doors, windows, and cornices.