The Thyroid Gland produces too much of the hormone, thyroxin
What is the thyroid gland?
The thyroid gland is located in the base of the neck. The gland is in charge of regulating your metabolism, breathing, heart rate, nervous system, weight, body temperature, and many other functions throughout the body. The gland controls these functions through the release of hormones.
How does Hyperthyroidism effect your body's homeostasis?
Typically, an overactive thyroid will only cause the symptoms listed below. However, if there is another disease that causes Hyperthyroidism, such as Grave's Disease, one might have a goiter, similar looking to a tumor, grow on the thyroid. Also, bulging eyes can accompany Hyperthyroidism. The most common imbalance in the body is in the metabolism and causes very noticeable weight loss. This is because the hormones in the thyroid are mostly in charge of the metabolism.
What are the Symptoms?
Symptoms can vary from person to person, especially in women to men and pregnant women. Some symptoms include: fatigue/muscle weakness, hand tremors, mood swings, nervousness, rapid heartbeat, irregular heartbeat, dry skin, trouble sleeping, weight loss, and light and missed periods in women.
Are there any Treatments?
Typically, patients are given a medication that interferes with hormone production, know as Anti-Thyroid medications. The most common prescription is methimazole or propylthiouracil for pregnant women. Radioactive Iodine Therapy and surgery can be an option for patients with more intense symptoms. Both of these treatments help to remove the specific overactive cells in the thyroid. Also, Bet-Blockers, typically in pill form, can be provided to block the symptoms.