Cryptosporidiosis

By Ben Vander Leest

Causes/Transmission

It is a waterborne disease caused by a microscopic parasite called an oocyst. You can get this parasite by drinking or swimming in contaminated water. You can also get it from consuming uncooked or contaminated food. You can get it from touching your hand to your mouth or coming into contact with other infected humans or animals.

Symptoms/Locations and Organs Affected/Similar Diseases

The symptoms for this disease may include: watery diarrhea, dehydration, lack of appetite, weight loss, stomach pains or cramps, fever, vomiting, and nausea. You can get this disease all over the world. The organs that are affected by this disease are mainly the intestines, but also the stomach. Diseases similar to cryptosporidiosis are the stomach flu and cyclospora.

Prevention/Treatment

You can prevent getting this disease by practicing good hygiene. Take care of your body by washing your hands before eating and after going to the bathroom. Thoroughly clean any fruits of vegetables. Do your best not to swallow water from pools,streams, and lakes. Don't go swimming if you are experiencing diarrhea. If you do have diarrhea, and think you may have cryptosporidiosis, Anti-Diarrheal medicine will help slow down the diarrhea. Nitazoxonide will help treat the diarrrhea.
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Statistics

In the US in 2006, there were 5,936 cases. In 2007, there were 11,170 cases, and in 2008, there were 7,749. In August 2007, 12 out of the 20 people interviewed that attended the Idaho Splash Park reported stomach illness. Eight of those twelve people ill reported watery diarrhea. All of the ill people did splash feature activities at the park. Six of the ill people use the drinking fountain. The age group that is mainly affected is ages 1-9 years old.

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Cryptosporidiosis in Iowa

In 2012 there were 328 cases of cryptosporidiosis in Iowa, and 10.8 Iowans for every 100,000 Iowans were infected. In 2013, there were 30 more cases than the previous year with 358. From June 1, 2013 to the end of that year, there were 272 cases. In October 2013, eleven people became ill due to unpasteurized apple cider. In 2013, 49.4 Iowans for every 100,000 Iowans were infected. In 2013, about half of Iowa's counties had people infected. The top five counties for most people infected from June 1,2013-August 7, 2013 were: Polk-106, Webster-17, Linn-16, Delaware-14, and Humboldt-14. Johnson County had three cases.

Bibliography

Works Cited

"Cryptosporidiosis." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 01 Mar. 2012. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.

"Cryptosporidiosis." IDPH. IDPH. Web. 11 Dec. 2014.

Cryptosporidiosis Map of US. Digital image. CDC. CDC. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

"Cryptosporidiosis." TheGazette Site Wide Activity RSS. The Gazette. Web. 10 Dec. 2014.

"Cryptosporidiosis." Virginia Department of Health. Virginia Department of Health. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.

"Cryptosporidium Infection." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic. Web. 01 Dec. 2014.

Cryptosporidium Life Cycle. Digital image. Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

"Mounting Cases of Cryptosporidiosis in Iowa." Food Poisoning Bulletin. Food Poisoning Bulletin. Web. 08 Dec. 2014.

Oocyst. Digital image. CDC. CDC. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.