Anika Lee 7th Period


Are you looking for a place to stay? Well why don't you consider Thailand. Thailand looks like a flower on a stem the northern part is the flower and the southern part is the stem, this is probably why Thailand is a beautiful island. Like other countries Thailand has wet summers and dry winters. If you live in Texas a wet summer would be good. Thailand is the only Southeast Asia country that has never been a European colony. Thailand trace their independence back to the kingdoms, were they had kings and queens. If you like rubber and teakwood (trees) than this is another reason you should come here, and the trees give you oxygen and you will stay healthy.

Slogan-Thailand the "Land of the Free"

Geography and Climate


The meaning of geography is like landforms in Thailand. Some of the landforms are The Mountainous North, The Khorat Plateau, The Central Plain, and The Southern Peninsula. The Mountainous North is basically what it says, there are mountains in the northern part of Thailand. Mountains are broken because of rivers that flow from north to south and they have to flow downstream, and by those streams there is fertile land to grow crops and that's why farmers grow their crops here. The Khorat Plateau is a plateau that is in the northeastern part of Thailand. The plateau takes up about one third of the country's land. Another interesting fact that you would probably like to know is that The Khorat Plateau is also called as Isan. The Central Plain is as large as the foothills of the mountains in a place called the Mountainous North all the way down to the Gulf of Thailand, and I think that is one huge plain! The Southern Peninsula goes all the way from the northwestern border of Myanmar to the country Malaysia. This peninsula is just jungles and mountains. There are things that contribute in this peninsula to the economy of Thailand.


The climate in Thailand is tropical. Thailand has like three seasons, one season is hot and dry this is mostly through March-May. Another is hot and wet this is through June-October, and last but not least cool and dry during the months November-February. Since mountain peaks are high into the clouds that means that way up there is very cold. From May-October comes something called monsoons that bring very heavy rain, so much heavy rain that a geography landform called The Southern Peninsula has about 100 inches of rain each year. Bangkok the capital of Thailand only gets about 55 inches of rain each year.

People and Culture


The people section includes: ancestry, way of life, and housing. For ancestry most of Thailand's people belong to the Thailand ethnic group. More than 1,000 years ago, the ancestors of Thailand came from all the way from southern China. People either came because they were migrants, war prisoners, or refugees. These people are Mons, Khmers, Indians, Vietnamese, and Malays, but now they are Thai because they live in Thailand. Many Chinese people came to Bangkok and other cities in Thailand, the cooperated with Thailand and had new customs and they also had new people like Hmong, Karen, and Lua. The way of life is how Thailand's people live and one third of Thailand's people live in rural areas or small villages. Thailand traditionally do rituals and festivals, but now the radio and television are now a great influence. Large numbers of young adults moved from the rural areas to the city area in search of jobs and education. The city is rapidly growing and has created many problems, such as crowded living conditions, traffic jams, and pollution. In the past Thailand's people have worn light and simple clothing that works in the tropical climate. Now they wear the same clothing that the people in Europe and in North America wear. In housing, villagers that live in Thailand build houses made of wood that are on stilts, and the stilts are about 7-10 feet high. They are above the ground in case a flood came so they are protected. In the urban area or the city the have two-story buildings. In Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, the people live in apartments, large developments, and single-story homes.


The culture will include food, recreation, languages, religion, and education. The the people in Thailand eat rice in almost every single meal. The most favorite foods that include rice with them are: hot and spicy stews that are called curries, salads which are made out of meat, fish, and vegetables, stir fry dishes, and boiled or fried fishes which are with sauce. Noodles are popular as well they are mostly eaten during lunch. In recreation, people like to have lots of fun. The national sport in Thailand is Muay Thai which in America boxing. In Thailand they can use their hands and feet like we do. Another national sport is takraw, which is a game that in America that we don't play. They have balls made out of woven palm stems, and they through it in the air and hit it in the air with their heads, legs, and feet. Another popular sport is soccer. For languages they speak Thai, Central Thai, Malay, Chinese, and languages in their own religions. English is also taught in school and spoken in business and government. The religion that they mostly have in Thailand is Buddhism. 95% of Thailand's people believe in Buddhism. The other 5% is Muslim. Most Thailand's people believe Theravada which is like following the way of the elders. According to the Thailand custom men in some point of their life have to be a monk. This time period could last up to one week-several months. They wear yellow robes and live lives of simplicity, meditation, and study. Most Chinese people who live in Thailand follow Confucianism in addition to practicing other religions that they know. The education that they have is very important, because the law requires children from ages 6-14 to go to school. The government allows public education and private education. Thailand has more than 20 public schools and more than 40 private schools and almost all of Thailand's population can read and write.

Government and Citizenship


In the government section includes national government, local government, politics, courts, and armed forces. For national government, Thailand is a constitutional monarchy which means that Thailand is ruled by kings and queens. A constitution was approved in 2007; this constitution provides a monarch, prime minister, and legislature. The monarch, prime minister, and legislature are all call the National Assembly. The Assembly is made out of the House of Representatives, members that are elected for four years, and a Senate. A Senate is members that stay for six years. The House of Representatives selects the prime minister with in their members. The prime minister has to be appointed by the monarch. The monarch has a role for as the head of the state, and the prime minister is the head of the government. For the local government, Thailand is divided into 76 provinces; these provinces are subdivided into 880 districts, 7,250 local units also called tambons, and 70,000 villages. Each of the 76 provinces has a governor, and all 880 districts need to have a district officer. Both the governor and the district officer are both appointed by the minister of the interior. Thailand's villages range in people is from a few hundred to a few thousand. Each village elects a headman to be its leader, and a headman is an officer. The people in the tambon select someone in the group of headman to be a kanman or also known as chief administrator. For politics, the citizens of Thailand have to be 18 or older to vote, just like in our country, but the people in Thailand 18 and older have to vote they don't have a choice. Thailand's political party has been organized by leaders instead of political philosophies, and some of the parties have some strength. For the part of the court, Thailand's highest court is the Supreme Court of Justice, and it is just like the same for this country. The Court of Appeals is the second highest court. A panel call Judicial Commission chooses Thailand's Judges and after that the king approves. The armed forces of Thailand are made out of an army, navy, and air force. Men from 21 to 30 years old may be in the army, navy, and air force. Women can serve by volunteering.


Another word for citizenship is human rights, and the human rights for Thailand are:

1. Freedom of Speech

2. Freedom of Press

3. Peaceful Assembly

4. Association

5. Religion

6. Country Movement

Of course this is only some of the human rights, this is not all of them. Freedom of speech for like saying things or like speaking in front of big crowds. Freedom of press where you can print things that you would like. Peaceful assembly for have probably peace. Association for having calm moments of talking and not arguing. Religion just in case you don't want Buddhism you can do like Hinduism, Christian, Muslim, and many other religions. Country movement well maybe that means that you agree with what the country decides.


Economy includes agriculture, manufacturing, fishing, mining, tourism, international trade, transportation, and communication. For the farming it takes about 35% of the land of Thailand. 40% of Thailand's people are farmers who grow food. Thailand is one of the world leading producers for crops like coconuts, mangoes, naturak rubber, palm oil, pineapples, and sugar cane some of the other majors crops in Thailand are bananas, corn, and soybeans. Farmers raise raise cattle, chickens, and hogs which are some of the things that the farmers in our country raise. Most of the farmers own their own land. For manufacturing, it is partly textile, and textile is like cloth. The first textile production was a very important time in Thailand and this happend in the 1970's. Othe important manufactured things were automobiles, cement, computer parts, motor vehicle parts, foods that are processed, and steel. Fishing has been a big part of Thailand's economy. Throughout the country of Thailand people catch fish to sell. People mostly catch fish by trawling a net that you cast into the water and the fish get caught in it and then they can sell it. The fish that they mostly catch are anchovies, mackerels, sardinellas, scad, and tuna. When farmers have small ponds they fish there and get fish and shrimp. Mining is also another important thing in Thailand, because when you work in the mines and the stones that you can get are feldspar, gold, gypsum, kaolin, lead, lignite, limestone, rock salt, silver, tim, tungsten, and zinc. One of the things that you should notice here is gold, and all of these things that are mentioned could make you very rich. If people make a well near the Gulf of Thailand then it could produce natural gas and oil. Tourism is one of the major ways Thailand can get money. Each year millions of tourist come each year to Thailand's temple, historical sites, beaches, and night life. Many of the tourist have come from Cina, Japan, Malaysia, and South Korea. Most people in Thailand travel by foot. Highways are for connecting cities. About all of the villages can be accessed by road. The railroad and small motorcycles are very popular, but Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, has the most traffic jams, because of the poor planning they don't have that much space to really devote to roads. The city has improved with the railroads and subway. Bangkok is Thailand largest and most busiest port. Thailand's most popular way of cummunication is the newspaper. The newspapers are publised in the language of Thai, Chinese, and English. Most newspapers are private owned by people. Thailand's goveand telecision.