ISLAM--in the Middle East

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FOLLOWERS OF ISLAM

Followers are called Muslims.


Muslims in the Middle East belong to two main sects--Sunni and Shiite.

CENTRAL TEACHINGS/BELIEFS

(1) Prayer; (2) Friday prayers at mosque; (3) Declaration of faith-first pillar of Islam (only one God called Allah and Mohammad is his messenger); (4) Follow the five pillars;

(5) call God Allah

Beautiful Islamic Call To Prayer

SACRAMENTS/TRADITIONS

*Five pillars: (1) faith statement that there is only one God named Allah and Mohammad is his messenger; (2) pray facing Mecca five times a day; (3) charity; (4) fasting (no food or drink during daylight of Ramadan); (5) hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca at least once during lifetime)

*No eating pork

PLACES OF WORSHIP

Mosque (has minaret for call to prayer)

WORSHIP LEADERS

Iman-prayer leader

Mullah-teacher

Muezzin-leads call to prayer (from top of minaret; loud speakers often used today)

HOLY BOOK

Qu'ran

HOLY DAYS/HOLIDAYS

*Ramadan-celebrates Allah giving Muhammad message

*Eid al Fitr-celebrates end of Ramadan; gifts, food, family thanks

HOLY CITIES/PLACES

*The Dome of the Rock--in Jerusalem

*Mecca--in Saudi Arabia

SYMBOL FOR ISLAM

Crescent moon and star

MUSIC

Music has been controversial. Chants for call to prayer are accepted but other forms of music, particularly instrumental music, are debated as acceptable. Many forms of music exist despite the controversy.
Ottoman Music - Sufi islamic Song (الدولة العثمانية) Nasheed Ilahi

BELIEFS Islam SHARES WITH Judaism and Christianity

1. Islam, Judaism, and Christianity are all monotheistic ("faith in a single, All-Powerful God who is the sole Creator, Sustainer and Ruler of the universe").

2. Islam, Judaism, and Christianity share Abraham as a common religious figure.